Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page White Pawn (Alice)to play, and win in eleven moves. PAGE. PAGE. 1. . Looking- glass milk isn't good to drink— But oh, Kitty! now we come only get through into Looking- glass House! I'm sure it's In a Wonderland they lie,. Dreaming as. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg.
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Alice in Wonderland and Alice Through the Looking Glass both use language to make the reader question definitions and the intended meaning behind the. ALICE'S. Adventures in Wonderland. CONTROL. CLOSE THE BOOK. TURN THE PAGE While a PDF version is offered on various .. table, all made of solid glass; there was nothing on it but a . lying down on one side, to look through into. Through the Looking-Glass is the sequel to Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. Alice once again finds herself in some weird world, meeting the likes of the Red.
Through the Looking-Glass by Lewis Carroll
But the black kitten had been finished with earlier in the afternoon, and so, while Alice was sitting curled up in a corner of the great arm-chair, half talking to herself and half asleep, the kitten had been having a grand game of romps with the ball of worsted Alice had been trying to wind up, and had been rolling it up and down till it had all come undone again; and there it was, spread over the hearth-rug, all knots and tangles, with the kitten running after its own tail in the middle.
But she didn't get on very fast, as she was talking all the time, sometimes to the kitten, and sometimes to herself. Kitty sat very demurely on her knee, pretending to watch the progress of the winding, and now and then putting out one paw and gently touching the ball, as if it would be glad to help, if it might. I was watching the boys getting in sticks for the bonfire—and it wants plenty of sticks, Kitty! Only it got so cold, and it snowed so, they had to leave off.
Never mind, Kitty, we'll go and see the bonfire to-morrow. And you'd have deserved it, you little mischievous darling! What have you got to say for yourself? Now don't interrupt me! Number one: Now you can't deny it, Kitty: I heard you!
What's that you say? Well, that's YOUR fault, for keeping your eyes open—if you'd shut them tight up, it wouldn't have happened. Now don't make any more excuses, but listen! Number two: What, you were thirsty, were you? How do you know she wasn't thirsty too? Now for number three: Since infanthood people have been socialized to associate ideas and words with certain outcomes; using if then statements. In Wonderland, however, the pre-established symbolism of objects and order does not exist.
Items people associated with certain societal expectations are irrelevant. For instance, during the croquet game, Alice is handed a flamingo for a mallet, a hedgehog for a ball, and card soldiers as wickets. The imagery becomes odd and unforeseen. Alice had been conditioned by society, and the rules of croquet, to expect a mallet, ball, and wicket.
During her visit to Wonderland, Alice feels lost and soon longs for a recognizable system. The logic she has learned in regards to strategy and rules no longer apply. Most people do not try to reconfigure words and create new meanings such as Carroll did. Lacan understood the significance of words and the importance they hold in the world.
People use words to communicate and make sense of the world around them; without words, people would be at a loss. But, the same words that provide structure and order confine individuals.
Carroll wants readers to believe in the impossible and develop a creative mindset. Now, anytime someone mentions their unbirthday, a word Carroll coined, he must receive credit for the reference. Angela Hart In a civilized society, words provide context and meaning when used in a sentence whether it be written or oral.
But, when a writer creates a metaphor, the meaning can become ambiguous and provide the author with more options to invoke secondary and tertiary definitions. Lewis Carroll knew how to craft sentences and stories that would cater to creating a new signification. Carroll would also include all capitalized words throughout the texts to provide emphasis such as a character stressing a certain word over others in their dialogue or to demonstrate their significance in the sentence.
By capitalizing just the end of the sentence, the reader becomes acutely aware of the fact there is a snake, regardless of the type of snake it is. People perceived themselves differently than others perceived them. At first she is too tall, then she is too small, and much more.
In each instance, Alice is acutely aware of her body. When she cannot enter the locked door to follow the White Rabbit, she begins to cry, knowing it is her own body that has betrayed her mission. Similarly, when she is small again, Alice wishes that she had not cried that much because she created a large pool that her small body could drown in.
Considering Alice is only a child in Alice in Wonderland, her disdain for her body image, according to Lacan, would revolve around the constructs of the world around her.
Alice is a regular girl from a civilized society. Alice reinterpreted signs and signifiers of the world around her during her dream state, when her unconscious mind was at work. Lacan believed daydreams utilized signs that people have come to know in order to help them understand what they truly desire.
However, it is important to note that Lacan found that there could be a constantly evolving usage of these signs because they do not require stability. By going to sleep and having an elaborate dream, she was able to fulfill this desire. Questions Similar to an infant who does not understand societal boundaries, fiction blurs the lines of fantasy and reality.
For instance, when Alice met Humpty Dumpty, she politely introduced herself only to be questioned. Carroll allows the reader to determine if a name must hold meaning. For Alice, she was content with no implicit or explicit meaning, while Humpty Dumpty felt that everything has significance.
Thus, when Humpty Dumpty uses the word mean, he wanted a thoughtful answer. Similarly, the character of Humpty Dumpty is oval just as his name suggests.
In instances such as this, the readers can feel as though they have a better understanding of the world then the characters due to the breakdown in communication. In the story, it is thought that Alice received her name from her parents. Alice had no control over her own naming. When Alice could not remember the name of the Fawn, she became timid as a result. The story thus ends with a dream.
Is she a mere child or is she an adult in a childish world, Wonderland? Angela Hart entered the woods, she was concerned about her name. Alice understood that names mattered and as a result, the reader develops an appreciation for names. Aside from the literal nature of characters, such as Humpty Dumpty being oval, words become ambiguous for readers.
Some ambiguous words include: curious, curiouser, unbirthday, birthday, feathers, dry, race, mad, Cheshire, cat, tale, tail, jabberwocky, rules, games, chess, chessboard, cards, trail, sentencing, verdict, jury, punishment, size, height, weight, age, food, royalty, queen, king, excellency, majesty, hearts, lost, where, who, way, little, big, raven, writing desk, important, unimportant, and celebration.
Throughout Alice in Wonderland and Alice Through the Looking Glass, words signifiers and signified objects become meaningless. Wonderland and Looking Glass Land exist beyond the dimensions of the known world. Thus, they have their own rules and societal norms become nonsensical. The Walt Disney animated adaptation, addressed the nonsensical nature of Wonderland in the first few minutes of the film. If I had a world of my own, everything would be nonsense.
This dialogue prefaces the odd occurrences that are going to happen throughout the story. Having planted that seed of understanding within viewers, the audience has a point of reference to fall back on. This, however, does not occur until chapter ten, near the end of the story. Up until this point, Alice was the only character who vocalized confusion.
The idea of nonsense is an underlying theme in both stories. Rather than try and fight society no matter how absurd, one will either prevail in the struggle or succumb to the rules around them.
Alice simply accepts the fact she is not going to receive an acceptable answer because she is in a nonsensical world. It is not until they have been in the boat for quite some time when Alice finally snaps at the Sheep for an answer.
This is only after the Sheep keeps asking her for items and she almost falls out of the boat. Due to the breakdown of communication between them, Alice is rather frazzled. In both stories, other characters question the meanings of words, too, in order to draw the readers attention to the usages of phrases. In Wonderland and Looking Glass Land, words are ambiguous and often have double meanings. Alice could not be anyone else, except herself, but due to the circumstances of Wonderland she is unsure of who she is connected to where she is.
The label misrepresented the item and its contents. In this instance, Carroll provided a certain anticipation that was not met. Thus, when entering a fictitious world, readers should not have preconceived notions or expectations. Alice can look all around her, but not at the same time, thus she cannot technically see everything. Apparently, the Red Queen can remember things that have not occurred yet, and assumes all the other characters have this ability.
This type of ability does not make sense in the real world. Unless the Queen were thought to be a psychic, she should not have this special skill. A reader must understand the concept of yesterday, today, and tomorrow, as well as the meaning behind the capitalized words. In this instance, the reader is unsure if the characters can ever eat jam because if they cannot eat tomorrow, did not have it yesterday, and it is nor allowed today, there does not seem to be a case in which it is legal to eat jam.
When Tweedledee and Tweedledum attempted to tell Alice a story to teach her the dangers of curiosity, however, they could not even decide on the proper name of the tale. Therefore, everything in Wonderland and the Looking Glass Land are subject to vagueness. When the baby turned into a pig, Alice was baffled, there was no reason for such a change, but it occurred. Wonderland and Looking Glass Land cause confusion in order for the reader to question the logic behind such incidents.
As Lacan addressed, people become socialized and develop certain expectations. In this instance, the Mad Hatter must hold a celebration every day, making the concept rather lackluster.
A celebration is meant to be a rare occasion, something that does not happen often. Thus, having a party every day makes the concept obsolete. If every day is special then no day is special. In the sequel, Alice in Wonderland, Humpty Dumpty addresses the idea of an unbirthday. The word unbirthday can be easily understood by readers without much explanation or provided context. Alice decided they were both at fault even though the Walrus ate many more oysters. Time is not a thing, but a person.
Thus, there is no stability in any sense. Angela Hart having the opposite meaning Dictionary. Pairing the prefix un with the word birthday, the ambiguity of the word is created on a basic level of language because no such word exists in the English language. The Mad Hatter is not considered angry as mad can sometimes imply, but insane, invoking a secondary meaning of the word.
The Queen makes a declaration, but her subjects ignore her command, rendering her position as queen insignificant. Both characters can be called mad, but for different reasons. Carroll manipulates the meaning of words, causing confusion within the reader.
Alice In Wonderland And Through The Looking Glass (PDF)
Thus, the person taking part in the story finds themselves asking similar questions, should the word be it or what? In this instance, the reader questions the definition being offered.
Grammar is thought to be a rigid structure that needs to be learned by anyone who reads and writes. For Carroll to include dialogue discussing the nature of grammar, as well as his own stylistic elements, the reader cannot help but question the importance of language. Carroll removed the societal constructs, allowing the words to take on new meanings and uses.
Similar to the Red Queen, Humpty Dumpty did not find her response to be acceptable. In order to communicate a precise answer, one must choose their words carefully. The Red Queen poses several questions to Alice, which cause her much confusion.
Fiddle-de-dee is a made up word, thus there is no translation for it. Thus, the word itself is incapable of being defined or used in any precise manner. The name Mad Hatter was written with this cultural understanding in mind. By having the Queen and Alice use this word multiple times during their conversation, the reader has to then question their own understanding of fiddle-de-dee and acknowledge this made up word as an actual word.
Alice In Wonderland And Through The Looking Glass (PDF)
Contextualizing Meanings During a tea party with the Mad Hatter and several other characters, Alice experiences their complete lack of manners. Upon stumbling across the Mad Hatter and his two friends, Alice finds herself across from a large table with dozens of empty chairs.
His lack of warmth made Alice feel upset and confused. Why would he have all these place settings around the table if he was not open to guests?
So, Alice felt entitled to sit down, even though she was not invited. Rather than believe a mouse chooses not to speak to her, Alice comes to the conclusion the mouse does not speak English. Alice reaches this conclusion because all of the other animals in Wonderland have the ability to speak. Back in her world, Alice talks to her cat, Dinah, but she never responds nor does she expect Dinah to.
Due to Wonderland providing an expectation that animals can converse with her, Alice refuses to believe the mouse cannot speak. Alice uses a real world example to explain an unreal situation or at least provide context for the event taking place.
Most people have a point of reference when they think of a stairwell. A pivotal point in Alice in Wonderland occurs in the courtroom, when Alice finally recognizes that the world before her lacks order and needs order at the same time. As most people are aware, the verdict comes first in a hearing then the sentencing occurs shortly thereafter. For someone to be given a punishment without knowing if they are thought to be innocent or guilty, and to what degree, is absurd.
Her history lessons may have been boring, but her schedule and classes provided a sense of security and acceptable expectations. Without standards, Alice is completely dumbfounded. She acts an authority figure telling Alice how to speak and think. After this moment, anytime Alice came across flowers, she expected them to be able to speak. But, alas, this was not the case. In this sense, Alice could be trying to define herself in relation to the real.
Angela Hart While structure may stifle creativity, or so some believe, it offers an unchanging framework people can refer back to. In this manner, Carroll demonstrates that order and socialization can be a good thing.
Alice had just been in jeopardy with the Red Knight, only to be saved by the White Knight. On their journey to the next part of the chessboard, he sings a song to Alice to make her feel better and celebrate their quest to reach the eighth square of the chessboard. The song occurs to foster feelings of warmth, allowing Alice, and the reader, to feel at ease.
The Mouse offers to tell his tale to Alice, who was very interested at first. The first tale refers to his story, while the second tail is in reference to his actual physical tail, which all mice have. The words in the story are read as though they were a tail trailing behind a mouse as it moved.
Due to the words and circumstances in Wonderland constantly evolving, Alice cannot develop a baseline or precedent to work from. Similarly, the reader is constantly caught off guard with the story. Aside from the poem looking like a physical tail, it is also written in tale rhyme, which is a repetition of sounds Garner The story itself addresses how a dog tried to act as the judge, jury, and executioner for the Mouse.
The Mouse holds a grudge against the dog, having unresolved feelings towards him for the unfair actions he took. The story is trying to convey that there should be fairness and justice in the world. Sadly, the story does not resonate with Alice, who is confused and bored by the Mouse. If she had listened to his tale, she may have avoided her own trial. There is a fluidity and musicality to the language allowing the reader to follow the story with ease. In novels, readers have come to expect a dialogue and scenes to be written in a certain format.
Even the first novels adhered to certain standards to allow reader understanding. Upon further analysis different animals may represent different races or countries of origin for people. Thus the Mouse hating dogs and cats may be representative of a minority fearing a world superpower; i.
Nazis despising the Jews. In the poem, Jabberwocky is written in the book with inverted text, facing the opposite way, making it impossible for the reader to understand Carroll Figure Two.
Interestingly, Carroll wanted to invert every mention of the Jabberwocky, but later decided to only reverse this single passage Garner The reader becomes acutely aware of the fact everything is backwards in Looking Glass Land.
Humpty Dumpty adds context to the Jabberwocky poem chapters after it is first introduced providing context after the fact. The Jabberwocky poem may not have been written to make sense.
Since seven years old, she may not have known how to construct a well-written poem, this the Jabberwocky poem, being a figment of her imagination, represents this lack of knowledge.
Also, Carroll included made up words in Jabberwocky that were not intended to be comprehendible: beamish, brillig, bandersnatch, franjous, chortled, galumphing, mimsy, mome rath, slithy, snicker-snack, and tove are just a few of the nonsensical word choices. Alice remains unaffected by her journey, but the Looking Glass Land operates in an unreal way.For instance, in order to reach the Red Queen, Alice must walk backwards.
Now, Alice was the wrong size. Since infanthood people have been socialized to associate ideas and words with certain outcomes; using if then statements. Alice is too large to fit through the locked door to enter Wonderland. Furthermore, Alvin C.
Both characters can be called mad, but for different reasons. Alternate realities, Fantasy, Reality, Symbol. Lewis Carroll knew how to craft sentences and stories that would cater to creating a new signification. However, it is important to note that Lacan found that there could be a constantly evolving usage of these signs because they do not require stability. She does not think of her leaving them behind worried about her well being, but is only concerned about herself in Wonderland and Looking Glass Land.
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