Purple Hibiscus. Home · Purple Hibiscus Author: Adichie Chimamanda Ngozi The Land of the Hibiscus Blossom · Read more. cover image of Purple Hibiscus Kindle Book; OverDrive Read; Adobe PDF eBook MB; Adobe EPUB Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie grew up in Nigeria. Download full-text PDF. A Tale of Rebellion: Purple Hibiscus by Chimamanda. Ngozi Adichie. Dr. Sonika Sethi. Assistant Professor of English.
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A Presentation by Cathy Ybarra. CHIMAMANDA. NGOZI ADICHIE Purple Hibiscus. • Master's in creative writing from. John Hopkins University. • 3 novels, 1 . This extraordinary debut novel from Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, author of 'Half of a Yellow Sun', is about the blurred lines between the old gods and the new. Purple Hibiscus by Chimamanda Ngozi. Adichie. This powerful book by a new Nigerian author was short listed for the Orange Prize for Fiction and.
In short, through coercion or consent. Hence, these wrong perceptions must be corrected if we are to end gender violence. Sentiments such as love, respect, obedience, and kindness must not understood as weakness or subordination. Rather, they must be reciprocal.
Adichie has used the feminist approach in her novel to represent gender violence on one hand, and to attack patriarchal and established sociocultural norms on the other. Besides, she represents silence as a powerful resistant tool to confront patriarchal society.
In such a crisis, Adichie affirms the central role of culture of peace as the only approach to sustain peaceful life. She reflects the horrible life of violence- torn community. Therefore, this article tackles with some instances and incidents in the novel, in which male and female received psychological and physical violence.
Gender violence is violence against male and female.
It has become a global issue though much of the focus is on violence against women. Likewise, domestic violence is the violence that is targeted towards family members or exercised within family. Both terms are intertwined and are relatively used to describe various forms of abuses, assaults, and persecution.
In many communities all over the world, the notion of femininity was mistakenly perceived or comprehended. Also, men, and in many a times boys, were brutally exploited in harsh works and literature is rich in such incidents in which male characters were physically exploited while female characters sexually. Literature has been, and still, a mirror of society. Many movements and revolutions were depicted through literature.
So far, plenty of reports have investigated different types of violence and its causes. Ose Aihie discussed gender violence with regard to domestic violence globally.
Purple hibiscus : a novel
She presented a report by Djaden and Thoennes in , in which they revealed that in the United States of America, each year, women experience about 4. In parts of the third world generally and in West Africa, in particular, domestic violence is prevalent and reportedly justified and condoned in some cultures. She said: … the report also reveal that a law passed in the Senegalese penal code punishing domestic violence with prison sentences and fines is poorly enforced due to religious and cultural resistance.
In Ghana, spousal assaults top the list of domestic violence. The violence in Purple Hibiscus took several forms such as physical, psychological, and emotional. Physical violence was represented by the brutal assaults kicking, beating, and flogging, slapping, burning, and cutting off.
While the psychological violence was depicted by perpetual fear, anxiety, and depression. All these forms of violence were based on religious fanaticism, cultural norms, and colonialism. It is crucial to note that most of the events revolve around domestic violence. Adichie questioned the established social norms that legitimise and justify violence for sustaining proper conduct. Majority of Africans condone the dire consequences of gender violence domestic violence.
She calls for collective consciousness to confront any form of violence. To her, silence is a non-violent resistance. This seemed to be one of the most effective writing tools that Adichie uses throughout the novel. The domestic violence scenes are sometimes explained vividly, like the scene in the bath where Kambili has boiling water poured over her feet. And yet, when Eugene finds the portrait of his father, Kambili blacks out as Eugene kicks into her whilst she is on the ground.
It also initiates the atmosphere of domestic violence. To her, society is also responsible of domestic violence, and in many societies, such as the Nigerian society, it is still culturally acceptable. She, also, shows the devastating consequences of domestic violence on the individuals and the society. In Purple Hibiscus, domestic violence is the most common form of gender abuse. Beatrice experiences this abuse in the hands of her husband and bears it in silence.
The shame associated with domestic violence, rape and other forms of indignity meted to women persist because they are afraid of the repercussions and stigma.
However, Adichie exposes the dilemmas in the lives of her characters, whose troubles are originated through the clash between personal expectations and strict social standards of demeanour.
Kambili and her brother Jaja look like programmed robots in their interactions with other people. They were exposed to extreme physical, psychological, and emotional violence. Almost all the violent incidents took place within households, and that is why Purple Hibiscus is considered a critique of domestic violence as well as gender violence. Adichie, thus, reveals the overwhelming impact of assorted types of violence on family relations.
To her, domestic violence caused perpetual fear and ultimately lack of inner peace. Religious fanaticism What is shocking in Purple Hibiscus is that violence is practised within family. She, in addition, reveals that religion is being utilised to justify violence and oppression. She, thus, tackles with the issue of gender violence from different perspectives particularly the religious one. From the very beginning, she depicts the violence Jaja, a twelve-year-old boy, received from his father Eugene, who is a Catholic fanatic, because he did not go to church.
She narrates, through Kambili, what happened to Jaja when he refused to attend the communion. It is death, you know that. Both Kambili and Jaja were flogged as well. Eugene considered this permission, though it was an exception, as a crime.
However, Eugene regarded this act, as a devilish temptation even if it was based on health.
Her father kicked bitterly until she fell unconscious. Kambili describes that incident: The stinging was raw now, even more bites, because the metal landed on open skin on my side, my back, my legs. Perhaps it was a belt now because the metal buckle seemed too heavy. Because I could not hear a swoosh in the air. More slaps. A salty wetness warmed my mouth. I closed my eyes and slipped away into quiet. It is not that bad.
He beat her fiercely. We cleaned up the trickle of blood, which trailed away as if someone had carried a leaking jar of red water colour all the way downstairs. She said, You know that small table where we keep the family Bible, nne?
Your father broke it on my belly […] My blood finished on that floor even before he took me to St. My doctor said there was nothing he could do to save it. Jaja, in tears, came out supporting his left hand with his right, and Papa drove him to St. Agnes Hospital [ The maltreatment of Eugene against his wife, daughter, son, sister, and father in the name of God and religion has been condemned by Adichie in this novel.
This is because Eugene, after each act of abuse, assault, and violence, justifies his actions as purification of sins. His religious fanaticism blinded him and made the whole family live in perpetual fear. Besides the physical violence he used against his wife and children, Adichie represents another form of violence; it is that of emotional violence.
His hatred towards his father and sister is an emotional violence that left them suffer a lot. His aged, sick father lives lonely in a small cottage.
Purple Hibiscus Notes Pdf
His sister Ifeoma underwent financial crisis after the death of her husband. She has to take care of her father and her children. They live in beautiful house, with a caring family, and attend an exclusive missionary school. They're completely shielded from the troubles of the world. Yet, as Kambili reveals in her tender-voiced account, things are less perfect than they appear.
Although her Papa is generous and well respected, he is fanatically religious and tyrannical at home—a home that is silent and suffocating. When they return home, tensions within the family escalate, and Kambili must find the strength to keep her loved ones together. Purple Hibiscus is an exquisite novel about the emotional turmoil of adolescence, the powerful bonds of family, and the bright promise of freedom.
But within a few pages, these details, however vividly rendered, melt into the background of a larger, more compelling story of a joyless family. Oppression is also brought out through characterization.
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Nigeria in the time frame of the book is going through a period where political oppression is present and everyone is affected by it. Eugene thinks that the military government is wrongfully oppressing the people and speaks out about this.
Ifeoma like Eugene speaks out about the oppression in the country. Adichie uses these two characters to speak about the evils of political oppression. Religion is also explored through characterization. Adichie uses two characters to bring out the conflict that religion presents, these characters are Eugene and Papa Knukwu. She uses Eugene to present the Christian perspective and his father to present the Traditionalist.
Eugene is ethnocentric and this is what causes the conflict of religion between Eugene and his father, which causes Eugene to not speak with his father. Adichie brings out the theme of education through her characters.
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She uses Eugene to do so. Eugene often speaks of wanting the best for his children. Ifeoma is also seen wanting the best for her children. As this was one of the main reasons that Ifeoma went to America, because all of the good lecturers were leaving Nigeria and there would be no good teachers left to educate her children.She wrote: For instance, when missionaries established the formal educational system in Africa, they did so by infusing some patriarchal ideologies into the educational system, one of which was the belief that boys, rather than girls would benefit more from the school system.
Language English. It is a symbol of resistance and empowerment. Hence, Adichie attacked the African culture and social norms that obliged women to remain docile and subjugated to their husbands whatever happened. Zimbabwe Publishing House, Zimbabwe. Five major issues explored in purple hibiscus are; domestic violence, oppression, religion, education and love. Her life is regulated by schedules: prayer, sleep, study, prayer.
This is because Eugene, after each act of abuse, assault, and violence, justifies his actions as purification of sins. Literature and Fiction Grade Levels: As this was one of the main reasons that Ifeoma went to America, because all of the good lecturers were leaving Nigeria and there would be no good teachers left to educate her children.