This book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License Kelvin Seifert is professor of educational psychology at the University of Manitoba. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content Educational psychology / edited by William M. Reynolds, Gloria E. Miller — v. 8. What is educational psychology? An exact answer to this question depends on whom you ask. However, for the purposes of this book, educational psychology is .
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PDF | This book 'Educational Psychology' aims at developing the understanding of basic concepts and principles of human development. Book Review Ramalingam, Panch. (). 'Educational Psychology: Teaching and Learning Perspectives' McGraw Hill Education (India) Pvt. Ltd, P, Green. Mar 24, Books Download ADVANCED EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY ( PDF, ePub) by S. K. MANGAL Free Complete eBooks.
This is a welcome addition to the recent venture of publishing indigenous textbooks by different publishing houses.
Keeping in mind the cultural specifications in the area of human psychological responses, indigenous textbooks like this one are truly a timely addition. The present edition is characterized by the incorporation of the Indian context, along with up to date western information.
The book is suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate students, and is in with the syllabi of different Universities. The book is divided into 21 chapters arranged in a coherent order. Indeed, it gives a perspective to Educational Psychology by placing it within the discipline of Psychology as such.
The first chapter illustrates the nature and history of Psychology in general, with special notes on Indian Psychology.
The meaning, nature, scope and methods of Educational Psychology are presented in Chapter 2. A special feature of this chapter is that it contains information on the integral education, and Indian models of education.
These two introductory chapters are followed by other chapters illustrating the biological and psychological elements of human growth and development, and individual differences. This serves as a solid basis of the chapters to follow: those on motivation, learning, memory, thinking, intelligence, creativity etc.
Subsequently, the applied aspects of Educational Psychology are taken up: these include guidance and counseling, special education, mental health, classroom strategies, effective teaching and of course assessment. Yes, we teach so that students will learn, but to what end? What is the point? Of what benefit and to whom is a well educated public? These kind questions have to do with the philosophy of education.
These kinds of questions greatly affect how we educate students yet, they do not get asked nearly enough. Below is a list of possible reasons for educating young humans.
e-books in Educational Psychology category
You will most likely find that it is hard to select just one; instead, there seems to be a variety of reasons or purposes. Figure 1. Reasons for educating our young.
The purpose of education is to. When functioning at its highest, it is my belief that education should help to help each person reach his or her full potential.
This belief is based on my personal philosophy. Its short term goal then is to bring people, societies, and the global community to a higher place. Introduction to Educational Psychology - 2 nurture themselves, others, and the environment and an inclination for them to act upon their worlds in productive yet responsible ways.
Its long term goal is the continued evolution of human consciousness and the global society. Even though your educational philosophy may not be clearly defined, it is the basis for everything you do as a teacher DeCarvalho, It guides your decision making, influences how you perceive and understand new information, and determines your goals and beliefs Gutek, An educational philosophy outlines what you believe to be the purpose of education, the role of the student in education, and the role of the teacher.
It asks the following kinds of questions: Why do we educate people? How should we educate people? How does education affect society? How does education affect humanity? Who benefits from a particular type of education? What ethical guidelines should be used? What traits should be valued?
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Why type of thinking is of worth? How should we come to know the world and make decisions? What is the educational ideal? What is the natural of reality? What do we believe to be true in regards to knowledge and truth? How do we come to know? What do you believe to be true in regards to humans and human learning?
Educational Psychology ()
It is beyond the scope of this book to delve further into educational philosophy; however, two points: First, your educational philosophy will continue to change and evolve throughout your career. This is a good thing. With new knowledge and experience comes change. Effective teachers and people of good character often have differing educational philosophies. This also is a good thing as it leads to continued reflection, dialogue, and refinement.
To insist that others adopt or conform to your philosophy is a form of domination and control, traits not valued in a democratic society. It uses psychological concepts and research methods to understand teaching, learning, and human development Berliner, Guy Lefrancois describes it as a study of human behavior in an education setting. It includes topics such as memory, thinking, human development, learning behaviors, motivation, individual differences, intelligence, creativity, teaching strategies, and assessment.
Within the domain of educational psychology there are a variety of theories that describe how humans develop, how they learn, and how they should be taught.
Theories are derived from research. Research then is the basis of educational psychology. Thus, it is important that you understand some of the basics of educational research McMillan, Research is the process of asking questions and using data to answer these questions Johnson, Data are collected using some type of objective, systematic procedure called a scientific method.
There are a variety of scientific methods used to study teaching and learning; however, these methods tend to be put into two broad categories: experimental research and descriptive research. Experimental Research You are most likely familiar with experimental research.
Here the researcher sets up an observation or experiment to figure out what the effect of a particular approach or treatment the variable might be. Introduction to Educational Psychology - 3 another, the researcher creates an artificial environment that isolates a particular variable by controlling all the extraneous variables.
That is, everything is the same in two or more groups or situations except the thing researchers wants to find out about. Some important terms in understanding experimental research follow: 1.
The independent variable is the approach or treatment that the researcher manipulates to determine a particular effect. It is what is done or not done to a group of people, animals, plants, or things. The dependent variable is the particular result or the effect of the treatment. An easy way to remember the distinction between these two variables is to think of the dependent variable as depending on the treatment or independent variable. The treatment group or experimental group is the group of subjects, participants, or objects that are exposed to the particular treatment independent variable.
The control group is a group as similar as possible in all characteristics to the treatment group; however, this group is not exposed to the particular treatment so that a comparison can be made. Random groupings is in an experimental study is the assignment of subjects to either treatment or control group.
In order to be a true experiment there must be randomized assignment to groups. However, because of ethical reasons, random assignment to groups is often not possible.
You cannot without treatment simply to study its effects. Thus, in education the quasi-experimental method is most often used. The quasi-experimental method is the experimental method without randomized assignment to groups. The research question is the specific question the researcher is trying to answer.
The hypothesis is a tentative statement that can be supported if the outcome of the experimentation is as expected. A theory is an interrelated set of facts or concepts that are used to explain a body of data. As an example of an experimental study, Dr. Her research question was this: Will Method X help primary-aged students comprehend expository text? To test her hypothesis she enlisted ten elementary schools to take part in her study.
As a control group, five schools did not use Method X. For her treatment group sometimes call the experimental group , five schools used Method X.
Method X was the independent variable in this study. Smith gave a reading comprehension test before the experiment started pre-test measure , to show that the two groups were relatively equal.
She then introduced Method X the treatment , for three months in the schools in her treatment group. This comprehension text was the dependent variable used to compare the two groups after the treatment. She found that students in her treatment group had scores that were significantly higher than those in her control group. Thus, her hypothesis was supported by the data. Descriptive Research One of the problems with controlled environments used in experimental research in education is that they are controlled and therefore, not real Eisner, Introduction to Educational Psychology - 4 looks at existing numbers, groups, or conditions without manipulating them.They're getting ready for class, but I can't tell what they're doing.
Experts can do more in less time and usually with less effort than can novices.
Handbook of Educational Psychology
The present edition is characterized by the incorporation of the Indian context, along with up to date western information. Figure 1. Download pdf. You can find many examples in the popular media of people usually with a political agenda who misuse correlational research by trying to attribute cause and effect.