INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT PDF

adminComment(0)

We are committed to Integrated Pest Management. (IPM)—an economically viable, environmentally sound and socially acceptable approach to crop. vi Integrated pest management of major pests and diseases in eastern Europe and the Caucasus . kaz-news.info) – See Annex 1. PDF | On Feb 7, , Cyril Ehi-Eromosele and others published Integrated Pest Management.


Integrated Pest Management Pdf

Author:SERITA GLOWINSKI
Language:English, French, Arabic
Country:Libya
Genre:Fiction & Literature
Pages:739
Published (Last):12.07.2016
ISBN:433-1-23636-114-4
ePub File Size:16.84 MB
PDF File Size:17.64 MB
Distribution:Free* [*Registration Required]
Downloads:31867
Uploaded by: ROSIE

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a program of prevention, monitoring, and IPM does this by utilizing a variety of methods and techniques, including. IPM. 2. Cultural methods. Biopesticides and botanicals. Behavioural methods. Biological methods. IPM. IPM is a pest management system that in the context of. Biocontrol manufacturers association (IBma) and pesticide action network europe (pan europe) wish to illustrate what Integrated pest management (Ipm) means.

Suppression is reducing the impact of the pests.

Prevention and suppression can be done by applying the different techniques. It is a method of preventing the spreading of harmful organisms by hygiene measures e.

Prevention and suppression also include use of adequate cultivation techniques e. Monitoring can be done through observations, use of scientifically sound warning, forecasting and early diagnosis systems, advice from professionally qualified advisers, etc. Many countries like France, Denmark have adopted this monitoring and forecasting technique Principle 3: Decision making Decision making is done based on the results of the monitoring IPM focuses on threshold-based intervention in most of the cases.

Cookie settings

Threshold is the defined pest density, or population level, which when exceeded, management should occur. However, threshold is difficult to define in most of the cases and in case of tolerant species, decision of intervention is based on the general observations.

We should also be aware that specific crops, pest life cycle, climatic condition, etc. As chemical methods are often not sustainable and creates more pest problems, non-chemical methods are always preferred at first hand as they are more sustainable with less biological and environmental hazards.

Examples of non-chemical methods include soil-solarization or biological control.

Use of live natural enemies is one of the major non-chemical biological intervention method Other non-chemical methods include biological, physical and ecological methods. Principle 6: Reduced Pesticide Use Reduced pesticides use refers to the reduction in the frequency and doses of the pesticides This method needs to be supported by the other means of intervention It helps in reducing the side effects of the pesticides Principle 7: Anti- resistant Strategies IPM focuses on the anti-resistance activities as: Unmanaged and haphazard use of the pesticides have created the problem of resistance and Pests have developed the resistance and the use of pesticides have less effect on them This is also the major reason for the IPM.

Prevention and suppression also include use of adequate cultivation techniques e. Monitoring can be done through observations, use of scientifically sound warning, forecasting and early diagnosis systems, advice from professionally qualified advisers, etc.

Many countries like France, Denmark have adopted this monitoring and forecasting technique Principle 3: Decision making Decision making is done based on the results of the monitoring IPM focuses on threshold-based intervention in most of the cases.

Threshold is the defined pest density, or population level, which when exceeded, management should occur. However, threshold is difficult to define in most of the cases and in case of tolerant species, decision of intervention is based on the general observations.

We should also be aware that specific crops, pest life cycle, climatic condition, etc. As chemical methods are often not sustainable and creates more pest problems, non-chemical methods are always preferred at first hand as they are more sustainable with less biological and environmental hazards.

Examples of non-chemical methods include soil-solarization or biological control. Use of live natural enemies is one of the major non-chemical biological intervention method Other non-chemical methods include biological, physical and ecological methods.

Principle 6: Reduced Pesticide Use Reduced pesticides use refers to the reduction in the frequency and doses of the pesticides This method needs to be supported by the other means of intervention It helps in reducing the side effects of the pesticides Principle 7: Anti- resistant Strategies IPM focuses on the anti-resistance activities as: Unmanaged and haphazard use of the pesticides have created the problem of resistance and Pests have developed the resistance and the use of pesticides have less effect on them This is also the major reason for the IPM.

Anti-resistant strategies include use of combination of different pesticides that has different mode of action, applied in different time. Evaluation is done based on the records of the use of the pesticides, its effects and many more.

Evaluation is necessary in studying the effectiveness of the plan protective measures and plan further. Weeds Weeds are often the most important yield- and quality-reducing pest problem, especially in older stands.

An integrated pest management IPM program begins with effective weed management during stand establishment, the correct identification of weed species at different times of the year and an effective weed management strategy. Proper stand establishment, harvest timing, crop rotation, and irrigation management all help prevent weed intrusion.

Integrated pest management

Overseeding older depleted stands with other forages grasses or legumes can extend stand life and assist in preventing weed infestations. When herbicides are needed, use proper timing to achieve maximum efficacy.

In addition, take care to avoid off-site movement of herbicides with irrigation or rain events. Insects Although alfalfa fields are home to many beneficial insects, there are also several very damaging arthropods as well.Allowing a pest population to survive at a reasonable threshold reduces selection pressure.

Pesticide Training Manuals

Principle 6: Health hazards may require intervention that is not warranted by economic considerations. Volunteers assisted with the park by weeding the flower and shrub beds. These may or may not include materials listed on the Organic Materials Review Institute OMRI [14] Although the pesticides and particularly insecticides used in organic farming and organic gardening are generally safer than synthetic pesticides, they are not always more safe or environmentally friendly than synthetic pesticides and can cause harm.