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NTS Book for GAT General. Tasaddaq M Malik. Building Standards in Educational and Professional Testing National Testing Service Pakistan ( Building. PPSC Book, click here! NTS-GAT-General-GUIDE-BOOK- By-DOGAR-PUBLISHER-pdf. For More Papers & Data, Click here!. To know what to expect from this section, a student can refer to latest GAT format in the official NTS book or even take help from the NTS GAT sample papers.

If your user account at www. At a specific date as mentioned in the Test Schedule list of selected applicants is displayed at NTS website. Rejected Applications A list of applicants is displayed at a specified date. These applicants have some errors in their registration forms. Preparation Not every masters or M.

Phil in Mathematics or English can teach any aptitude test. You can imagine Similarly; the fail ratio of master in English applicants is above The reason is that the standardized aptitude tests are not based on any subject. If mathematics and English are the roots of such tests, then why these tests are for non mathematics and non English subjects.

Actually, no subject matter is the part of the test. Fi rst express each of the condi tions symboli cally: Thu, Fri , Sat, Sun Each day: Choi ces C and E are i m possi bl e.

Onl y choi ce D does not vi ol ate any of the gi ven condi ti ons, so thi s i s the correct answer. To avoi d having more than three audi ti ons on two consecuti v e days, there can be onl y one au di ti on on Fri day and one on Sunday, whi ch means there wi ll be two on Thursda y. Any of the other four actors cou l d au di ti on on Fri day as i n di cated i n th e f oll owi n g sch edu l es: Since Carol e must audi ti on on the same da y as another actor, eli mi n ate B.

Then si nce A must serve i s befo re H i n June. There are t w o possi ble schedul e s, depen di n g on the order of B and D , so the correct choi ce i s B. The l atest that A coul d serve i n March, whi ch coul d occur i n t he f i n al o r der: So choi ce A cannot be true. Oft en you are asked ei th er to fi nd a concl u si on that i s a l ogi cal consequen ce of the p assage, or to choose a statemen t that, if true, strengt h en or weakens the argumen t.

Y ou have to anal yze the argument presen ted i n the passage. The passa ge i s foll owed by a questi on. Occasi onall y , there i s more than one questi on rel ated be the same passage. No matter what the nu mber i s, th e questi ons al ways ai m at your abil i ty to underst and the co ncl u si on reached by t he author of the pas sage, and to gi ve argument and contra arguments. Logi cal reasoni n g questi ons are a l ot l ike readi n g comprehen si on questions i n a verbal secti on.

For each logi cal reasoni n g questi on, the ar gument i s foll owed by a mul ti choi ce questi on. The choi c es are si mpl e statem ents.

NTS GAT (General) Guide Book By Doger Publisher PDF Free Download

Every l ogi cal reasoni n g questi on does not fi t thi s mol d, but you shoul d try. Then you shoul d anal yze th e argument present ed i n the passage. You must know what aspect of the argument you are to concentrat e on, and f ocus on i t. You must be abl e to spot the questi on type by readi n g the questi on statement. If you do thi s, you will be better a bl e to approach th e argument in hand.

Questi ons that test your abi li ty to determi n e what cl ai m can l ogi call y be made on the basi s of evi dence in the pass age above? Questi ons that tes t your abili ty to recogni z e whether an asserti on supports or undermi nes an argument.

Questions that test your ability to judge an argument. It i s not enough to have a general i dea about the argument; you must be a bl e t o analyze it very carefully. That most common si tuati ons are as foll ows: Thi s process wi ll el i mi n ate some obv i ous wrong ch oi ces. In support q u esti ons, where you have t o deci de about w eakeni n g or strengtheni n g the qu esti on, pinpoi nt what the argument assumes. Then compare th at assumpt i on wi th the answer c h oi ces.


If the questi on asks you to choose the choi ce that most weakens the argument, l ook for the ans w er that casts the most do ubt on th at as s u m p t i o n. Exampl e questi ons wi th Answers and Expl anati ons 3. The mi crowave oven has beco me a stan dard a ppl iance i n many ki tchens, mai nl y becau se i t of f ers a f a st w ay of c ook i n g f ood. Mi crow av es, th eref ore , sh ou l d n ot be a standard a ppl i ance until they have been c arefull y researched a n d teste d.

A Homeowners, often download i tems despi te k n owi n g th ey m ay be u n saf e. B Those hom eowners i n doubt abo u t mi crowav e safety o u ght not to purchas e m i c r o w a v es. C Research a n d testi n g of home appl i ances sel dom reveal s safety hazards. D Mi crowaves are not as dangerous as steam irons, whi ch are used i n al most every home.

E Homeowners often download i tems that they do not need. D Food prepa rati on has become al most a sci ence, wi th more compli cated and i n v ol v ed reci pes.

E Many mi crowave ovens have bee n found to l eak radi oacti v e el ements. No doubt that fact remai n s today, especi all y i n li ght of the growi n g p opul ari ty of home co mputers.

Now, i n addi ti on to owni ng tel evi si ons for entertai nment, more and more famili es are purchasi ng TV moni tors for use wi th a personal computer. A Personal computers probabl y cost l ess than i n stall ing a shower or bathtub. B Peopl e can wash themsel v es wi thout a tu b or shower, but they cannot watch tel evi si on unl ess they own a tel evi sion set. C TV moni tors will work wi th personal computers i n pl ace of regul ar computer monitors. D As many computers a re sold today as tel evi si on sets a few years ago.

E More t el evisi on moni tors are no w used wi th personal computers than ar e used to watch commerci al tel evisi on broadcasts. Long before there was any human l ife, and over vast peri ods of ti me, i sl ands and con ti n ents dri fted a part. S o m e i sl an ds, of course, were formed by vol canoes and wer e never pa rt of the gr eat l and m ass.

B Australi a has more an i m al s that are not found i n any other conti n ent than have several of the much l arger conti n ents. C V ol cani c i sl an ds li k e H aw aii h ave ecosy st e m s v ery di f f eren t f rom th ose of conti n ental l ands wi th the same average te mperature. If the stat ement abo v e i s true, whi ch of the foll owi n g statement s must al so be true? It i s com m on l y u sed to m ai n tai n th e cool ing system i n automobi l e radi ators.

Of course, the weather may become so col d that even anti freeze is not effecti v e, but such a severe cl i mati c con di ti on rarel y occu rs i n w ell -trav el ed pl aces. A Wel l -traveled pl aces h ave means of transportati on other than automobi l es. B A n tifreeze does not l ower the mel ti n g poi n t of certai n li qui ds i n extreme con di ti on s.

C Severe cl imati c condi ti ons rarely occur. D It i s not often that many travel ers who use anti freeze have thei r cooli ng system freeze. E A n tifreeze rai ses the mel ti n g point of some li qui ds. If , h ow ever, researc h an d testi n g are i n ef f ecti v e m ean s of di scerning safety probl ems as choi ce C says , th en resear ch and tes ti n g w ou l d be i rrel ev an t.

So, choi ce E i s the correct answer. Choi ces D and E may or may not true, but they are not i n ferences from the passage, si mpl y addi ti onal i nform ati on. So, the correct choi ce i s C. However the l anguage s of all the conti n ents woul d have devel ope d i n i sol ati on, si nce man di d not evol ve until after the break-up of the l andmass, and i t i s surpri si ng th at Afri can and South Ameri can l anguages are si milar.

Human li keness or di fferences ar e i rrel evant to the cl ai ms of the passa ge. S o choi ce E i s the correc t answer. Therefore, 3 is true, neither 1 nor 2 are true.

S o, the correct choi ce i s C. The questi ons will be basi call y asked to judge th e s entence co mpl eti on, anal ogy and cri ti cal readi n g skill s. The questi ons of different types i. The ques ti ons about t h e cri ti cal readi n g however will be asked separatel y. Th e detai l abou t each secti on i s as bel ow ; 4. You are as ked to co mpl ete the sentences by fil li n g i n the bl an ks wi th th e most sui tabl e choi ce.

The questi ons for sen tence c ompl eti on can be rel ated to any of the other a reas of study i. You ar e asked to compl ete t h e sent enc e wi th the use of correct gra mmar or vocabul ary. These questi ons try to det ermi n e your abili ty to rec ogni z e the correct se ntence structure, ri ght grammar and how you make the corre ct choi ce of vocabul ary.

Techniques for Sentence Completion For the se ntence co mpl eti on a few choi ces are gi ven that co ul d be sel ected for compl eti ng the sente n ces. Only one choice i s correct out of the several choi ces. You have t o compl ete the sente n ce by sel ecti n g the correct ch oi ce accordi n g to the gramm ar or voca bul ary. If you think that you have compl eted the sent ence and found the cor rect choi ce you can c onsul t your li st of choi ces. If th e answer you thought match es one of the choi ces menti oned i n the li st that i s most probabl y the ri ght choi ce to be marked.

If i t does not mat ch wi th the choi ce you can l ook for a synonym repl acem e n t. Thi s tacti c i s very h el pf ul i n fi n di n g th e ri gh t an sw er, it prevents y ou from confusi n g yoursel f wi th the wrong choi ces. Even i f you are satisfi ed wi th your choi ce try to substi tute i t wi th the other choi ces so that you are more sati sfi ed wi th your deci si on.

Someti mes the other choi ce fi ts more appr opri atel y to the senten ce. Note down the choi ce that you fi nd best. Now for the second bl ank try every second ch oi ce of al l choi ces.

Note the choi ce that you think i s most appropri at e. Check i f the two sel ected choi ces are matchi ng one of t h e gi ven pai r of choi ces. If i t does then s el ect i t as your correct ch oi ce, i f not then consider thi s pai r as a wron g choi ce and try wi th the other choi ces. Try to break the word into vari ous parts and anal yze i ts meani n g e. If you fi nd the word unfamili ar wi th prefi x es and suffi xes di vi de the word i n to i ts part s e.

Thi s word consi sts of both prefi x and suffix. You can break the word l ike pre-recor d - i n g. Here you know that pre me ans before, record means to stor e and -i ng i s a term of conti nuous tense. So you can fi nd thi s break up of words qui te hel pful in maki ng out the ri ght sense. If none of the techni que works try maki ng a gu ess wi th reference to the context. After you di vi de i t compare wi th the origi n al sentence to avoi d any mi sinterpretati on.

If you are sati sfi ed read the small er sentences to get the i de a more cl earl y. Example Questions 1.

Has B. Have C. Has been D. Wi th 2. Repea t B. Repeati n g C. To repeat D. Wrote 4. Used to B. Used to be D. Struggled B. Struggling C. Struggle D. Helped worked B.

Helped working D. Wanted to B. Want C. Wanting to 8. Would had D.

Has been B. Was D. Has Let B. Stay D. Lea v e Had lent Prior to the D. To prior the Between B. In You ar e provi ded w i th fi ve other pai rs of words. Thi s exerci se or such qu esti ons try to det e rmi n e your basi c understandi ng towards v ocabul ary and your a bi li ty to recogni z e t h e rel ati onshi p betwe en words. Some que sti ons may al so ask you to sel ect a sui tabl e antonym for a gi ven word.

Try to understa n d the words more appropri at el y and think on whi ch basi s the rel ati onshi p between the wor ds i s f o r m e d. A f t e r y o u r e a ch a co ncl u sion read the gi ven choi ces afterwards to get a pr oper match wi th another pai r havi ng the same rel ati on shi p.

It can be a gr eat hel p. After you have been successful i n fi ndi n g a cl oser re l ati on shi p you can n ow scruti n ize the two other pai rs that confused you earli er. Do not get caught up by the tri cks of the test makers. Someti mes the questi ons are provi ded wi th very tri cky and dodgi ng choi ces that mi sgui de g r e a t l y. Remember i f the words i n the ori gi n al pai r are a noun and a n adjecti v e, the cor rect choi ce you make shoul d al so contai n the words i n the sam e grammat i cal order.

Otherwi se, your choi ce i s wrong. So, i f you are conf used wi th two pai rs and cannot choose the correct c h oi ce you can easi l y l ook at thei r grammati cal orde r and gi ve preference to the one, whi ch matches the ori gi n al one.

Spend more time on considering the more possible choices. Some of the common analogy types are as follows; i.

Synonyms Some words are linked together in a pair which means the same or has a similar dictionary definition. Describing Qualities Some pairs have some words in which one word describes the other word. Heavy- Rain iii. Class and Member Some pairs have words which are based on class and member basis e. Electronics-Radio iv.

Antonyms Some pairs consist of the words that are opposite to each other e. Love- Hate v. Describing Intensity Some pairs consist of the words in which one describes the intensity of the other e. Smile-Laughter vi. Function In some pairs a word describes the function of the other word e. Pen-Write vii. Manners Some words in a speech describe the manners and behavior e. Polite-Speech viii.

Worker-Workplace Some pairs in a word describe the profession and its workplace e. Doctor-Clinic Example Questions 1. Trench B Shade: Tree C Weight: Age D Speed: Highway E Mineral: Mine 2. Consciousness B Serene: Composure C Erudite: Knowledge D Adroit: Skill F Invigorate: Energy 3. Spark plug B Panhandler: Kill C Embezzler: Abduct D Cynosure: Magnet F Morass: Thermometer B Oblivion: Obvious C Liturgy: Literature D Image: Imagine E Bowl: Bowdlerize 5.

Clothing B Gluttonous: Food C Altruistic: Money D Vegetarian: Meat E Controversy: Reconcile 6. Bibliography B Episode: Series C Coach: Team D Dancer: Agile E Poetry: Prose 7. BIG A Home: Live B School: Daily C Water: Cold D Clothes: Socks 8. Giraffe B Stationery: Pencil C Book: Cap D Tree: Wood 9. Thin B Stupid: Idiot C Rough: Surface D Beautiful: Diary Choose the lettered word or phrase that is most nearly opposite in meaning to the word in capital letters.

The paper i n cl udes a few passages that ask answeri n g questi on s rel ated to the pass age. Techniques for Critical Reading Exercises There are a few techniques related to the Critical Reading Questions that prove to be a good guideline for solving such questions.

Try to skim through the whole passage and then read the questions to look for a more specific answer. Read the passage quickly with understanding but do not panic.

Try to analyze what the whole passage is about and what the author really intends to convey. While reading mark the lines where you think the passage carries the most important points. These strategies would definitely help you find the answers. Sometimes, answering other questions guide you about the earlier question. But, if you still do not find the answer mark it for doing in the end more calmly, having enough time to think.

Once you know the nature of such questions, you will be able to find the answers more quickly even when you are reading the passage. The examples of some commonly asked questions are as follows: Sometimes, the opening and closing lines can give you a better clue about answering such questions properly.

You can get the answers of this kind of questions from the area of the passage which you marked in the first reading, where you think the most important and informational remarks of the author lies. These questions try to assess your judgment; you must be clear in your mind about what the author is referring to and then make your own opinion according to your understanding and comprehension. Sometimes the word that describes something in a dictionary portrays it the other way when it appears in the context.

The test tries to judge your ability to make sense of the word in the context. When you are asked questions like these you can look for certain expressions, words, phrases or exclamations, which describe the tone, mood or style of the author.

The feelings of the writer are mostly exhibited through choice of words. While answering these questions read the message carefully observing particularly the use of words. Remember that the chosen title should not be narrowly or broadly selected. Try to avoid choosing those titles that describes only one or two paragraphs but the one, which is applicable to the whole passage and portrays it best. Example Questions Passage I: We are profoundly ignorant about the origins of language and have to content ourselves with more or less plausible speculations.

We do not even know for certain when language arose, but it seems likely that it goes back to the earliest history of man, perhaps half a million years. We have no direct evidence, but it seems probable that speech arose at the same time as tool making and the earliest forms of specifically human cooperation. In the great Ice Ages of the Pleistocene period, our earliest human ancestors established the Old Stone Age culture; they made flint tools and later tools of bone, ivory, and antler; they made fire and cooked their food; they hunted big game, often by methods that called for considerable cooperation and coordination.

As their material culture gradually improved, they became artists and made carvings and engravings on bones and pebbles, and wonderful paintings of animals on the walls of caves.

It is difficult to believe that the makers of these Paleolithic cultures lacked the power of speech. It is a long step Admittedly, from the earliest flint weapons to the splendid art of the late Old Stone Age: How did language arise in the first place? These types of evidence may provide us with useful pointers, but they all suffer from limitations, and must be treated with caution. When we consider the language of children, we have to remember that their situations are quite different from that of our earliest human ancestors, because the child is growing up in an environment where there is already a fully developed language, and is surrounded by adults who use that language and are teaching it to him.

When the child learns the name of an object, he may then use it to express his wishes or demands: Changes occurring through the years. The need to communicate. Language of children. Communication among primitive men. Trace the evolution of a noun. Support the fact that naming things is most important. Indicate how adults teach language to children. Show the evolution of many meanings for one word. There were specific real steps followed to develop our language.

Care must be exercised when exhuming what we consider the roots of language. We owe a debt of gratitude to the chimpanzee contribution. Adults created language in order to instruct their children. Language was fully developed by primitive man.

Language developed with the developing culture of primitives. Primitives existed in total isolation from one another. Children brought about a need for language. Mankind was not intended to communicate.

Society creates problems with language. Language is for adults to instruct children. Society uses language to improve itself. With the evolution of language came wisdom.

Language brings power. Answer Key 1. You will go through the following screen shots to learn how to take NTS Online test. Please read the instructions carefully to avoid any confusion during the test. After reading the instructions, press Start Test button on center bottom of the page. Each question has various choices, if you know the answer you can select the correct choice for your answer and press Next Question button. You can also add this question in the Pass Box to answer it at some another stage.

You will also find some additional information about your test on this page. This information includes: It will take you on the following screen. Now click Answer this Question button for the question you want to answer. Wish You Good Luck with your Test. National Testing Service Q. You have to fill in a separate answer sheet to mark your answers.

In case of a system failure during the test, you will have to log-in again and the test will start from the same question where you had left. No information will be lost while the system was unavailable.

Your result is reported to you right after you finish your test. You are given the certificate fifteen days after the conduct of the test of the last batch.

If you still do not get the result you can Contact Us. You can also visit the website of NTS to check your result. The final result is sent to you by email. There is no negative marking for wrong answers.

However the negative marking may be activated if it is required by the allied institute or organization. Rules and Regulations: You are asked to observe punctuality. Arriving late at the center may disqualify you from taking the test. Nothing, except the original Identity Card is required to be taken along.

Friends or relatives who accompany you to the test center will not be permitted to wait in the test center or contact you while you are taking the test.

NTS reserves the right to videotape all or any of Testing Sessions and use it to determine any misconduct, etc. The rest of the queries regarding the test format, contents and other procedures have almost the same answers as of the paper based tests, given above.

The sample papers do not include quantitatively the same number of questions as there would be in the actual papers.

They are merely meant to provide conceptual guidance to the users or prospective candidates. The number of degrees through which the hour hand of a clock moves in 2 hours and 12 minutes is A.

A cylindrical container has a diameter of 14 inches and a height of 6 inches.

Since one gallon equals cubic inches, the capacity of the tank is approximately A. A train running between two towns arrives at its destination 10 minutes late when it goes 40 miles per hour and 16 minutes late when it goes 30 miles per hour.

The distance between the two towns is A. If the sum of the edges of a cube is 48 inches, the volume of the cube is A. A certain triangle has sides, which are, respectively, 6 inches, 8 inches, and 10 inches long. A rectangle equal in area to that of the triangle has a width of 3 inches. The Perimeter of the rectangle, expressed in inches, is A.

In general, the sum of the squares of two numbers is greater than twice the product of the numbers. The pair of numbers for which this generalization is not valid is A. A piece of wire inches long is bent successively in the shape of an equilateral triangle, a square, a regular hexagon, a circle.

The plane surface of the largest area is included when the wire is bent into the shape of a A. Circle B. Square C. Hexagon D. Triangle E. The van has a driver's seat and one passenger seat in the front, and two benches behind the front seats, one bench behind the first. Each bench has room for exactly three people. Everyone must sit in a seat or on a bench, and seating is subject to the following restrictions: An adult must sit on each bench.

Either R or S must sit in the driver's seat. J must sit immediately beside M. Which of the following can sit in the front passenger seat? Which of the following groups of three can sit together on a bench? J sits immediately beside S. L sits immediately beside V. H sits in the front passenger seat.

F sits on the same bench as H. H sits on the same bench as R. If S sits on a bench that is behind where J is sitting, which of the following must be true? H sits in a seat or on a bench that is in front of where M is sitting. L sits in a seat or on a bench that is in front of where F is sitting. M sits on the same bench as V. There are to be five members: J, Ms. K, Ms. L, Mr. M, and Mr. N; and two students, chosen from O, P, Q, and R. The composition of the committee must conform to the following conditions: J will serve only if R is also on the committee.

L will not serve unless Ms. As its name suggests, NTS is a testing system introduced by the Musharraf regime primarily for grants of scholarships to students who intend to get higher education abroad.

Now it has also been made responsible for the entry tests as well. The instructions on the NTS form must be thoroughly read before filling it as the future depends on this very test. A student can register for the test only once. This test is held four times in a year. To obtain the latest schedule, one can visit the official NTS website. There are four categories of this test, all four focusing on diverse types.

To begin with, a student should be well aware of the test pattern. In the total time of two hours, which makes minutes, a student has to attempt hundred multiple-choice questions.

Fortunately, there is no concept of negative marking in this test.

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One correct answer is awarded one mark and the wrong question is marked as zero. As we just discussed above that there are 40 questions, it means that this section holds the maximum weightage.

This section comprises of antonyms, synonyms, fill-in-the-blanks and reading comprehension questions. To be well-prepared for this section a student must read a few novels, preferably by British authors. Also, try to read columns and op-ed pages of English dailies. Puzzles like anagrams and crosswords will help the student increase their vocabulary. Solving at least one puzzle a day will help you more than just memorize a long list of words. The next section is the analytical section that contains 30 questions comprising of logical puzzles and some logical reasoning questions.

To prepare for this section a student can take help from the GRE Big Book, it has a lot of sample questions for practice.

Practicing the sample questions will help the student give the students an idea of what to expect from this section. The next and the last section is the Mathematics section which also consists of 30 questions. For the preparation of this section, a student must focus on the elementary mathematics for some time to have a strong base. A student must learn the algebraic and geometric equations and formulae.The volunteer's home is at point 3. If M insists on staying back then how many combinations are possible?

If M is on the red team, K must be selected for the green team. Published on Jul 21, Cooperation D. Now move onto the analytical section. Si n ce both of the 5 15 fracti ons are equi val ent.

If you are sati sfi ed read the small er sentences to get the i de a more cl earl y.