SOCIAL PROBLEMS 13TH EDITION EITZEN EBOOK

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Social Problems, Books a la Carte Edition (13th Edition) [D. Stanley Eitzen, Maxine What I do like about this as an ebook is that it is a searchable text, which is. Social Problems [D. Stanley Eitzen, Maxine Baca Zinn, Kelly Eitzen Smith] on kaz-news.info *FREE* shipping on Social Problems 13th Edition. by D. Stanley . Download Read Social Problems (13th Edition) | Ebook PDF Free Book Details Author: D. Stanley Eitzen,Maxine Baca Zinn,Kelly Eitzen.


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Title: Social Problem. Author(s): D. Stanley Eitzen; Maxine Baca Zinn; Kelly Eitzen Smith. Edition: Year: ISBN Social Problems / 13th Edition by D. Stanley Eitzen; 1 edition; First published in Social Problems, 13th Edition. D. Stanley Eitzen, Colorado State University. Maxine Baca Zinn, Michigan State University. Kelly Eitzen Smith, University of.

The Special Topics PowerPoint slides allow you to integrate rich supplementary material into your course with minimal preparation time.

Additionally, all of the PowerPoints are uniquely designed to present concepts in a clear and succinct way. They are available to adopters at www. MySocLab ISBN with eBook , without eBook MySocLab is a state-of-the-art interactive and instructive solution for the Social Problems course, designed to be used as a supplement to a traditional lecture course, or to completely administer an online course.

MySocLab provides access to a wealth of resources all geared to meet the individual teaching and learning needs of every instructor and every student. Social Explorer provides easy access to U. Census data from to the present, and allows for exploration of Census data visually through interactive data maps. Core Concepts in Sociology videos feature sociologists in action, exploring important concepts in Sociology. Each video is accompanied by a short quiz. MySocLab is available at no additional cost to the student when an access code card is packaged with a new text.

It can also be downloadd separately. Visit www. We dare not forsake that tradition. For all those whose cares have been our concern, the work goes on, the cause endures, the hope still lives, and the dream shall never die. Brown, Jr. Bush elected, although he had , fewer votes than Al Gore. The levees protecting New Orleans were known to be inadequate before the hurricane, and they did not hold.

The responses by the federal and state governments were woefully inadequate following the disaster. The net job creation for the decade was zero in past decades the average job creation gain was 20 percent; Herbert By , the rate was Individual bankruptcies and foreclosures rose sharply. In sum, this was a decade of dramatic change, much of it negative.

The United States experienced its worst attack by foreigners, its worst natural disaster, its most divisive election, and its worst economic downturn since the Great Depression, and it initiated two wars, both lasting longer than World War II. This book explores the social problems brought to the fore in the last decade.

Among other problems we will explore are the consequences of population growth and change. EDT on October 17, In , when the typical reader of this text is about 52 years old, it is estimated that the United States will have added another million people, reaching million.

What will life in the United States be like when you reach middle age with that added million? Will the problems of today be eliminated or reduced, or will they have worsened? Consider these issues: Immigration and the browning of America. Immigration from Latin America and Asia is fueling the population growth. About half of the last million Americans are immigrants and their U. Half of the next million will be immigrants or their children. Latino population would total 16 million instead of 44 million today, and Asian Americans would number 2 million, not 13 million Samuelson With the additional millions of immigrants added in the coming decades, previously White rural areas and small towns will begin to deal with the challenges of new ethnic and racial residents.

The graying of America. The increase in the number of elderly will cause problems with funding Social Security and Medicare, placing a greater burden on the young to support the elderly through these programs. This divide between workers who support the old with payroll taxes will have a racial, as well as a generational, dimension because the workers will be increasingly people of color and the elderly overwhelmingly White Harden, The inequality gap.

The inequality gap now is at record levels, resulting in a diminished middle class. In the gap between the top 20 percent and the bottom 20 percent was fold. Now it is fold. Thirty years ago the average annual compensation of the top chief executives in the country was 30 times the pay of the average worker. Today it is 1, times the pay of the average worker. All rights reserved. As a result of this transformation, relatively well-paid employment in manufacturing products such as automobiles has dwindled and been replaced with jobs in lower-paying service industries.

Most of the manufacturing is now done in foreign countries where U. Currently, these trends have negatively affected U.

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In the coming decades, as million people are added and new technologies enhancing globalization are developed, will the working conditions and standard of living of U. The plight of the poor. One of eight Americans is poor. Some Emergency food requests and people seeking emergency shelter are increasing.

Two factors lead to the speculation that the needs of the poor will not be met satisfactorily in the future. Sweden ranked number one as the best place to be a mother, and the United States ranked twenty-seventh. Only 17 percent of seats in the U. Eighteen nations have a higher life expectancy for women, led by Japan with 86 years. The environmental impact. Currently, the United States, at about 4.

Population growth means greater demand for food, water, fossil fuels, timber, and other resources. At present, land is being converted for development housing, schools, shopping centers, roads at about twice the rate of population growth: about 3, acres of farmland are converted to nonagricultural uses daily, up 20 percent from 20 years ago Knickerbocker But now we are being challenged to trade Big for Smart. We need to continue growing but in smarter and more sustainable ways.

Stengel At the global level, the earth is warming because of human activities, most prominently the use of oil and other carbons. The United States is the primary user of petrochemicals, and China will surpass it around The growing global inequality. Almost all this growth the United States is the exception will occur among the poorest nations. Today, an estimated 1. Most do not have clean water and adequate sanitation. Hundreds of millions are ravaged by diseases such as malaria, chronic diarrhea, Ebola, dengue, and parasites.

This gap between the fortunate few and the impoverished, desperate masses continues to widen. The underdeveloped world, already in dire straits, will face enormous obstacles in providing the minimum of food, water, housing, and medical attention for their peoples as they add billions in population. The result will be ever-greater numbers of desperate people on this planet, making the world less safe.

An increasingly dangerous world. September 11, , unleashed a chain of negative events. Those terrorist acts on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon caused death and destruction and redirected government policies. The United States responded with a war on Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan and a preemptive war on Iraq, presumably to squelch terrorism and spread democracy throughout the Middle East.

There is the growing threat of nuclear proliferation, with North Korea joining the nuclear club in and Iran threatening to join the club soon. That is the ultimate question. These issues highlight the social problems addressed in this book. Early U.

These social pathologists, because they assumed that the basic norms of society are universally held, viewed social problems as behaviors or social arrangements that disturb the moral order. For them, the moral order of U. But this approach did not take into account the complexity inherent in a diverse society. In a variation of the absolutist approach, sociologists in the s and s focused on the conditions of society that fostered problems.

Societies undergoing rapid change from the processes of migration, urbanization, and industrialization were thought to have pockets of social disorganization. Certain areas of the cities undergoing the most rapid change, for example, were found to have disproportionately high rates of vice, crime, family breakdowns, and mental disorders. In the past few decades, many sociologists have returned to a study of problem individuals—deviants who violate the expectations of society.

The modern study of deviance developed in two directions. The other, of relatively recent origin, has focused on the role of society in creating and sustaining deviance through labeling those people viewed as abnormal. Societal reactions are viewed as the key in determining what a social problem is and who is deviant. Most recently, some sociologists have tried to alert others to the problematic nature of social problems themselves see Spector and Kitsuse These theorists emphasize the subjective nature of social problems.

Pollution, for example, has not always been considered a social problem. This brief description reveals several issues that must be addressed in looking at social problems.

Second, there is continuing debate over the unit of analysis: Is the focus of inquiry individuals or social systems? Related to the latter is the issue of numbers: How many people have to be affected before something is a social problem?

In this regard, C. This normative approach assumes that some kinds of actions are likely to be judged deleterious in any context. Therefore, one goal of this book is to identify, describe, and explain situations that are objective social problems. The most obvious is that subjectivity is always present. To identify a phenomenon as a problem implies that it falls short of some standard.

But what standards are to be used? In a pluralistic society such as the United States, there is no uniform set of guidelines. Is marijuana use a social problem? Is pornography? Is the relatively high rate of military spending a social problem? Is abortion a social problem? There is little consensus in U. All social observers, then, must be aware of differing viewpoints and respect the perspectives of the social actors involved.

Slavery, for instance, was not considered a social problem by the powerful in the South, but slave revolts were. In colonial New England, the persecution of witches was not a social problem, but the witches were Szasz From the standpoint of U.

First, to do so may mean overlooking conditions that are detrimental to a relatively powerless segment of the society. In other words, deplorable conditions heaped on minority groups tend to be ignored as social problems by the people at large.

From this perspective, social problems are manifestations of the behaviors of abnormal people, not of society; the inadequacies and inequalities perpetuated by the existing system are not questioned.

The distribution of power, the system of justice, how children are educated—to name but a few aspects of the existing social order—are assumed to be proper by most of the public, when they may be social problems themselves. Skolnick and Currie By overlooking institutions as a source of social problems and as problems themselves , observers disregard the role of the powerful in society.

To focus exclusively on those who deviate—the prostitute, the delinquent, the drug addict, the criminal—excludes the unethical, illegal, and destructive actions of powerful individuals, groups, and institutions in U. Norm Violations Sociologists are interested in the discrepancy between social standards and reality for several reasons. Sociologists have many insights that explain the processes by which individuals experience differing pressures to engage in certain forms of deviant behavior because of their location in the social structure social class, occupation, age, race, and role and in space region, size of community, and type of neighborhood.

A guiding assumption of our inquiry here, however, is that norm violators are symptoms of social problems, not the disease itself.

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In other words, most deviants are victims and should not be blamed entirely by society for their deviance; rather, the system they live in should be blamed. A description of the situations affecting deviants such as the barriers to success faced by minority group members helps explain why some categories of persons participate disproportionately in deviant behavior.

The sociologist is vitally interested in the social and cultural processes that label some acts and persons as deviant and others as normal. People on welfare, for example, are generally considered to constitute a social problem, but slumlords are not; people who hear God talking to them are considered schizophrenic, but people who talk to God are believed perfectly sane; murder is a social problem, but killing the enemy during wartime is rewarded with medals; a prostitute is punished, but the client is not; aliens entering the country illegally constitute a social problem and are punished, but their U.

The members of society, especially the most powerful members, determine what is a social problem and what is not. Powerful people play an important role in determining who gets the negative label and who does not. Thus, to comprehend the labeling process, we must understand not only the norms and values of the society but also what interest groups hold the power Quinney Social Conditions The second type of social problem emphasized in this text involves conditions that cause psychic and material suffering for some category of people in the United States.

In other words, what is the bias of the system? How are societal rewards distributed? Social problems of this type generate individual psychic and material suffering. Thus, societal arrangements can be organized in a way that is unresponsive to many human needs.

When these needs are thwarted, individuals will be hostile to society and its norms. Their frustration will be expressed in withdrawal, alcohol or other drugs, or in the violence of crime, terrorism, and aggression.

People will take up lives outside of the pale of social control and normative structure; in so doing they will destroy themselves and others. Such a condition exists when the society and its formal organizations are not meeting the needs of individuals. Instead, the focus has often been on individuals who vent their frustration in socially unacceptable ways. A major intent of this book is to view individual deviance as a consequence of institutionalized deviance.

In summary, here we consider social problems to be 1 societally induced conditions that cause psychic and material suffering for any segment of the population and 2 acts and conditions that violate the norms and values found in society.

The distribution of power in society is the key to understanding these social problems. The powerless, because they are dominated by the powerful, are likely to be thwarted in achieving their basic needs sustenance, security, self-esteem, and productivity. In contrast, the interests of the powerful are served because they control the mechanisms and institutions by which the perceptions of the public are shaped.

As the primary source of social problems, society, not the individual deviant, must be restructured if social problems are to be solved.

This scholarly discipline is the study of society and other social organizations, how they affect human behavior, and how these organizations are changed by human endeavors.

Wright Mills — , in his classic The Sociological Imagination , wrote that the task of sociology is to realize that individual circumstances are inextricably linked to the structure of society. These nations are capitalistic, permitting private property and privately owned businesses. To a much greater degree than in the United States, these nations have publicly owned enterprises and some nationalization of industry, typically transportation, mineral resources, and utilities.

Most important, these nations provide an array of social services to meet the needs of their citizens that is much greater than in the United States. These services are expensive, resulting in relatively high taxes, almost double the rate in the United States.

But as Joe R. Feagin and Clairece Booher Feagin point out in their discussion of Sweden, If we were to add to the taxes Americans pay, the cost of the private medical insurance carried by many Americans. Who they are, what they believe, what they strive for, and how they feel about themselves are all dependent on other people and on the society in which they live. The incorporation of the sociological perspective requires that we examine the structure of society to understand such social problems as racism, poverty, and crime.

This method, however, runs counter to the typical explanations people offer for social ills. The choice is seen in an example supplied by Thomas Szasz: Suppose that a person wishes to study slavery. How would he go about doing so? First, he might study slaves.

He would maintain that there can be no slave without a master holding him in bondage; and he would accordingly consider slavery a type of human relationship and, more generally, a social institution supported by custom, law, religion, and force.

From this point of view, the study of masters is at least as relevant to the study of slavery as is the study of slaves. Therefore, we focus on the social structure to determine the underlying features of the social world in an effort to understand social problems.

We refer to the adoption of a critical stance toward all social forms. Sociologists must ask these questions: How does the social system really work? Who has the power? We should also ask questions such as, Is the law neutral? Why are some drugs illegal and others, known to be harmful, legal? Why are so few organizations in the United States—which is characterized as a democracy—democratic? It sensitizes the individual to the inconsistencies present in society.

But, most important, a critical stance toward social arrangements allows us to see their role in perpetuating social problems. In conclusion, the reader should be aware that we are not dispassionate observers of social problems. We oppose social arrangements that prevent people from developing to their full potential.

Stating these feelings positively, we favor equality of opportunity, the right to dissent, social justice, an economic system that minimizes inequality, and a political system that maximizes citizen input in decisions and provides for an adequate health care system and acceptable living conditions for all people.

Obviously, we believe that U. The problem areas of U. So, too, are structural arrangements around the globe that harm people. In , the Colorado Commission on Higher Education a state oversight commission appointed by the governor commissioned a conservative watchdog group to evaluate teacher education programs in the state universities of Colorado. Saxe, for we are absolutely committed to social justice; and this means, among other things, understanding how many social problems of U.

The U.

The terrorist threat remains with us, both from external and internal sources. Money pours into these campaigns from special interests, making democracy all the more tenuous.

This causes disruptions as some companies fail while others succeed. Globalization, with jobs and tasks moving outside the country, adds to the unemployment woes accompanying the economic transformation.

Unemployment rose precipitously. Wall Street tumbled. The value of housing dropped, causing bankruptcies and foreclosures. This huge debt provided a rationale to limit government by reducing or eliminating social welfare programs. This twelfth edition of Social Problems considers each of these important trends and events as well as others. The chapters on the economy and work, health care, and national security have been completely rewritten. Note on Language Usage In writing this book, we have been especially sensitive to our use of language.

For example, traditional English uses masculine words man, mankind, he to refer to people in general.

Table of Contents

In short, our goal is to use language so that it does not create the impression that one social class, race, or gender is superior to any other. The terms of reference for racial and ethnic categories are changing. Blacks increasingly use the term African American, and Hispanics often refer to themselves as Latinos. In Social Problems, Twelfth Edition, we use both of these terms for each social category because they often are used interchangeably in popular and scholarly discourse.

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America should be used only in reference to the entire Western Hemisphere: North, Central, and South America and then, in the plural, Americas. Its use as a reference to only the United States implies that the other nations of the Western Hemisphere have no place in our frame of reference.

A Short Introduction to the U. Census— A brief seven-chapter overview of the Census, including important information about the Constitutional mandate, research methods, who is affected by the Census, and how data is used. Additionally, the primer explores key contemporary topics such as race and ethnicity, the family, and poverty. MySocLab Census Update gives students the opportunity to explore Census methods and data and apply Census results in a dynamic interactive online environment.

Designed to make your lectures more effective and to save preparation time, this extensive resource gathers together useful activities and strategies for teaching your Social Problems course.

Also read: MANGA EBOOK S

MyTest ISBN : This computerized software allows instructors to create their own personalized exams, to edit any or all of the existing test questions, and to add new questions. Other special features of this program include random generation of test questions, creation of alternate versions of the same test, scrambling question sequence, and test preview before printing.

For easy access, this software is available within the instructor section of the MySocLab for Social Problems, Twelfth Edition, or at www. TestGen ISBN : This computerized software allows instructors to create their own personalized exams, to edit any or all test questions, and to Preface xix add new questions.

Other special features of this program include random generation of an item set, creation of alternate versions of the same test, scrambling question sequence, and test preview before printing.

The Lecture PowerPoint slides follow the chapter outline and feature images from the textbook integrated with the text. The Clicker Response System allows you to get immediate feedback from your students regardless of class size.

The Special Topics PowerPoint slides allow you to integrate rich supplementary material into your course with minimal preparation time.

Additionally, all of the PowerPoints are uniquely designed to present concepts in a clear and succinct way. They are available to adopters at www. MySocLab ISBN with eBook , without eBook MySocLab is a state-of-the-art interactive and instructive solution for the Social Problems course, designed to be used as a supplement to a traditional lecture course, or to completely administer an online course.

MySocLab provides access to a wealth of resources all geared to meet the individual teaching and learning needs of every instructor and every student.

Social Explorer provides easy access to U. Census data from to the present, and allows for exploration of Census data visually through interactive data maps. Core Concepts in Sociology videos feature sociologists in action, exploring important concepts in Sociology. Each video is accompanied by a short quiz. MySocLab is available at no additional cost to the student when an access code card is packaged with a new text. It can also be downloadd separately. Visit www. We dare not forsake that tradition.

For all those whose cares have been our concern, the work goes on, the cause endures, the hope still lives, and the dream shall never die. Brown, Jr. Bush elected, although he had , fewer votes than Al Gore. The levees protecting New Orleans were known to be inadequate before the hurricane, and they did not hold. The responses by the federal and state governments were woefully inadequate following the disaster.

The net job creation for the decade was zero in past decades the average job creation gain was 20 percent; Herbert By , the rate was Individual bankruptcies and foreclosures rose sharply. In sum, this was a decade of dramatic change, much of it negative. The United States experienced its worst attack by foreigners, its worst natural disaster, its most divisive election, and its worst economic downturn since the Great Depression, and it initiated two wars, both lasting longer than World War II.

Social problems 12th edition

This book explores the social problems brought to the fore in the last decade. Among other problems we will explore are the consequences of population growth and change. EDT on October 17, In , when the typical reader of this text is about 52 years old, it is estimated that the United States will have added another million people, reaching million. What will life in the United States be like when you reach middle age with that added million?

Will the problems of today be eliminated or reduced, or will they have worsened? Consider these issues: Immigration and the browning of America. Immigration from Latin America and Asia is fueling the population growth.

About half of the last million Americans are immigrants and their U. Half of the next million will be immigrants or their children. Latino population would total 16 million instead of 44 million today, and Asian Americans would number 2 million, not 13 million Samuelson With the additional millions of immigrants added in the coming decades, previously White rural areas and small towns will begin to deal with the challenges of new ethnic and racial residents.

The graying of America. The increase in the number of elderly will cause problems with funding Social Security and Medicare, placing a greater burden on the young to support the elderly through these programs. This divide between workers who support the old with payroll taxes will have a racial, as well as a generational, dimension because the workers will be increasingly people of color and the elderly overwhelmingly White Harden, The inequality gap.

The inequality gap now is at record levels, resulting in a diminished middle class. In the gap between the top 20 percent and the bottom 20 percent was fold. Now it is fold. Thirty years ago the average annual compensation of the top chief executives in the country was 30 times the pay of the average worker. Today it is 1, times the pay of the average worker. All rights reserved. As a result of this transformation, relatively well-paid employment in manufacturing products such as automobiles has dwindled and been replaced with jobs in lower-paying service industries.

Social Problems, 13th Edition

Most of the manufacturing is now done in foreign countries where U. Currently, these trends have negatively affected U. In the coming decades, as million people are added and new technologies enhancing globalization are developed, will the working conditions and standard of living of U.

The plight of the poor. One of eight Americans is poor. Some Emergency food requests and people seeking emergency shelter are increasing. Two factors lead to the speculation that the needs of the poor will not be met satisfactorily in the future. Sweden ranked number one as the best place to be a mother, and the United States ranked twenty-seventh.

Only 17 percent of seats in the U. Eighteen nations have a higher life expectancy for women, led by Japan with 86 years. The environmental impact. Currently, the United States, at about 4. Population growth means greater demand for food, water, fossil fuels, timber, and other resources.

At present, land is being converted for development housing, schools, shopping centers, roads at about twice the rate of population growth: about 3, acres of farmland are converted to nonagricultural uses daily, up 20 percent from 20 years ago Knickerbocker But now we are being challenged to trade Big for Smart. We need to continue growing but in smarter and more sustainable ways. Stengel At the global level, the earth is warming because of human activities, most prominently the use of oil and other carbons.

The United States is the primary user of petrochemicals, and China will surpass it around The growing global inequality. Almost all this growth the United States is the exception will occur among the poorest nations. Today, an estimated 1. Most do not have clean water and adequate sanitation.

Hundreds of millions are ravaged by diseases such as malaria, chronic diarrhea, Ebola, dengue, and parasites. This gap between the fortunate few and the impoverished, desperate masses continues to widen.

The underdeveloped world, already in dire straits, will face enormous obstacles in providing the minimum of food, water, housing, and medical attention for their peoples as they add billions in population. The result will be ever-greater numbers of desperate people on this planet, making the world less safe.

An increasingly dangerous world. September 11, , unleashed a chain of negative events. Those terrorist acts on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon caused death and destruction and redirected government policies. The United States responded with a war on Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan and a preemptive war on Iraq, presumably to squelch terrorism and spread democracy throughout the Middle East. There is the growing threat of nuclear proliferation, with North Korea joining the nuclear club in and Iran threatening to join the club soon.

That is the ultimate question. These issues highlight the social problems addressed in this book. Early U. These social pathologists, because they assumed that the basic norms of society are universally held, viewed social problems as behaviors or social arrangements that disturb the moral order. For them, the moral order of U.

But this approach did not take into account the complexity inherent in a diverse society. In a variation of the absolutist approach, sociologists in the s and s focused on the conditions of society that fostered problems.

Societies undergoing rapid change from the processes of migration, urbanization, and industrialization were thought to have pockets of social disorganization. Certain areas of the cities undergoing the most rapid change, for example, were found to have disproportionately high rates of vice, crime, family breakdowns, and mental disorders. In the past few decades, many sociologists have returned to a study of problem individuals—deviants who violate the expectations of society. The modern study of deviance developed in two directions.

The other, of relatively recent origin, has focused on the role of society in creating and sustaining deviance through labeling those people viewed as abnormal. Societal reactions are viewed as the key in determining what a social problem is and who is deviant. Most recently, some sociologists have tried to alert others to the problematic nature of social problems themselves see Spector and Kitsuse These theorists emphasize the subjective nature of social problems.

Pollution, for example, has not always been considered a social problem. This brief description reveals several issues that must be addressed in looking at social problems. Second, there is continuing debate over the unit of analysis: Is the focus of inquiry individuals or social systems? Related to the latter is the issue of numbers: How many people have to be affected before something is a social problem?Thus, to comprehend the labeling process, we must understand not only the norms and values of the society but also what interest groups hold the power Quinney You need just computer device or gadget.

Most do not have clean water and adequate sanitation. All rights reserved. Slavery, for instance, was not considered a social problem by the powerful in the South, but slave revolts were. Media giants may, through its subsidiaries, push a political stance.