The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation. An Easy-to-Use Guide with Clear Rules, Real-World Examples, and Reproducible Quizzes. Tenth Edition. The blue book of grammar and punctuation: an easy-to-use guide with clear rules, ISBN (pbk)—ISBN (pdf)—ISBN . Power up your mind: learn faster, work smarter / Bill Lucas. p. cm. ways in which you can power up your mind and impr.

The Blue Book Of Grammar And Punctuation Pdf

Language:English, Dutch, Arabic
Published (Last):30.07.2016
ePub File Size:28.83 MB
PDF File Size:13.63 MB
Distribution:Free* [*Registration Required]
Uploaded by: ADDIE

The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation. Pages English Grammar Reference Book: Grammar and Error Correction Guide and Phrasal Verb Book. The #1 Grammar and Punctuation Resources Website – English grammar rules, capitalization, punctuation, whom, whomever, whoever, writing numbers. A revised and updated new edition of the bestselling workbook and grammar guide The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation is a concise, entertaining.

The subjunctive mood is losing ground in spoken English but should still be usedin formal speech and writing. An independent clause is a simple sentence. It can stand on its own. She is hungry. I am feeling well today.

It needs an independent clause to complete a sentence. Dependent clauses often begin with such words as although, since, if, when, and because. Although she is hungry.

FREE Online English Usage Rules

Whoever is hungry. Because I am feeling well. Dependent IndependentAlthough she is hungry, she will give him some of her food. Whatever they decide, I will agree to. In the sentence Joe saw Jill, and he waved at her, the pronouns he and her take the place of Joe and. There are three types of pronouns: Subject pronouns are used when the pronoun is the subject of the sentence.

I, he, she, we, they, who, whoever, etc. Rule 2. Subject pronouns are also used if they rename the subject.

They will follow to be verbs,such as is, are, was, were, am, will be, had been, etc. It is he. This is she speaking. It is we who are responsible for the decision to downsize. NOTEIn informal English, most people tend to follow to be verbs with object pronouns like me, her, them.

Many English scholars tolerate this distinction between formal and casual English. It could have been them. Technically correct: It could have been they. It is just me at the door. It is just I at the door. This rule surprises even language watchers: It is I who am sorry. I am Incorrect: It is I who is sorry. It is you who are mistaken. Object pronouns are used everywhere else beyond Rules 1 and 2 direct object,indirect object, object of a preposition.

Object pronouns include me, him, herself, us, them,themselves, etc. Jean saw him. Him is the direct object. Give her the book. Her is the indirect object. The direct object is book. Are you talking to me?

Me is the object of the preposition to. The pronouns who, that, and which become singular or plural depending on the subject. If the subject is singular, use a singular verb.

He is the only one of those men who is always on time. The word who refers to one. Therefore, use the singular verb is. He is one of those men who are always on time. The word who refers to men. Therefore, use the plural verb are.

In sentences like this last example, many would mistakenly insist that one is the subject,requiring is always on time. But look at it this way: Of those men who are always on time, he is one. Pronouns that are singular I, he, she, everyone, everybody, anyone, anybody, no one, nobody,someone, somebody, each, either, neither, etc. This rule is frequently over-looked when using the pronouns each, either, and neither, followed by of.

Those three pronounsalways take singular verbs. Do not be misled by what follows of. Each of the girls sings well. Either of us is capable of doing the job.

Neither of them is available to speak right now. When each follows a noun or pronoun in certain sentences, even experiencedwriters sometimes get tripped up: The women each gave her approval.

The women each gave their approval. The words are and there each ends with a silent vowel. The words are and there each end with a silent vowel. These examples do not contradict Rule 6, because each is not the subject, but rather anadjunct describing the true subject. To decide whether to use the subject or object pronoun after the words than or as,mentally complete the sentence.

If we mentally complete the sentence, we would say Tranh is as smart as she is. Therefore, she is the correct answer. Mentally completing the sentence, we have Zoe is taller than I am. We can interpret this sentence in two ways: Daniel would rather talk to her than to me. OR Daniel would rather talk to her than I would.

The possessive pronouns yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs, and whose never need apostro-phes. There is no apostrophein oneself. The thermometer reached its highest reading. Keeping oneself ready is important. Joe helped himself. Joe bought it for himself. Without them, we might be stuckwith sentences like Joe helped Joe.

I worked myself to the bone. The object myself is the same person as the subject I, performingIncorrect: My brother and myself did it. My brother and I did it. Please give it to John or myself. Please give it to John or me. You saw me being myself. Myself refers back to me in the act of being.

Doubting himself, the man proceeded cautiously. Rule 11a. Avoid they and their with singular pronouns. Someone brought their lunch. Someone brought her lunch. OR Someone brought his lunch. If the gender is undetermined, you could say Someone brought his or her lunch more onthis option in Rule 11b. Rule 11b. Singular pronouns must stay singular throughout the sentence. Someone has to do it—and they have to do it well. The problem is that someone is singular, but they is plural.

If we change they to he or she,we get a rather clumsy sentence, even if it is technically correct. Someone has to do it—and he or she has to do it well. Replacing an ungrammatical sentence with a poorly written correction is a bad bargain.

The better option is to rewrite. Someone has to do it—and has to do it well. Many writers abhor the he or she solution. Following are more examples of why rewritingis a better idea than using he or she or him or her to make sentences grammatical. No one realizes when their time is up. Correct but awkward: No one realizes when his or her time is up. None realize when their time is up. If you see anyone on the trail, tell them to be careful. If you see anyone on the trail, tell him or her to be careful.

Tell anyone you see on the trail to be careful. Her and her friend came over. She and her friend came over. I invited he and his wife. I invited him and his wife. Bill asked my sister and I. Bill asked my sister and me. Whenever and or or links an object pronoun her, me and a subject pronoun he, I , one of those pronouns will always be wrong.

Her and I went home. She and I went home. She went and I went. WHO VS. He wrote the letter. Therefore, who is correct. Should I vote for him? Therefore, whom is correct. This sentence contains two clauses: He pulled that prank.

The book was about him. This rule is compromised by an odd infatuation people have with whom—and notfor good reasons.

At its worst, the use of whom becomes a form of one-upmanship some employto appear sophisticated. The following is an example of the pseudo-sophisticated whom. In this case whom is not the object of I think.

Put I think at the end and witness the folly: The presence of whoever or whomever indicates a dependent clause. Use whoever orwhomever to agree with the verb in that dependent clause, regardless of the rest of the sentence. Therefore, whoever is correct. You recommend him. Therefore, whomever is correct. Whoever is elected will serve a four-year term. Whoever is the subject of is elected. The clause whoever is elected is the subject of will serve.

Whomever you elect will serve a four-year term. Whomever is the object of elect. Whomever you elect is the subject of will serve. Whomever is even more of a vogue word than whom. Who and sometimes that refer to people.

That and which refer to groups or things. Anya is the one who rescued the bird. She belongs to a great organization, which specializes in saving endangered species. Rule 2a. That introduces what is called an essential clause. Essential clauses add informationthat is vital to the point of the sentence. We would not know the type of products being discussed without the that clause. Rule 2b.

Which introduces a nonessential clause, which adds supplementary information. Therefore, which begins a nonessential clause containing additional, but not essential, information. NOTEEssential clauses do not have commas introducing or surrounding them, whereas nonessential clauses are introduced or surrounded by commas.

Follow the Authors

If that has already appeared in a sentence, writers sometimes use which to introduce thenext clause, whether it is essential or nonessential. This is done to avoid awkward formations. NOTE The distinction between that and which, though a useful guideline, is widelydisregarded: Which is routinely used in place of that, even by great writers and journalists, perhaps because it sounds more elegant.

Adjectives may come before the word they modify. That is a cute puppy. She likes a high school senior. Adjectives may also follow the word they modify: That puppy looks cute.

The technology is state-of-the-art. He speaks slowly answers the question how He speaks very slowly answers the question how slowly. Many adverbs end in -ly, but many do not. Generally, if a word can have -ly added toits adjective form, place it there to form an adverb. How does she think? Quick is an adjective describing thinker, so no -ly is attached. Fast answers the question how, so it is an adverb.

But fast never has -ly attached to it. Badly describes how we performed, so -ly is added. Adverbs that answer the question how sometimes cause grammatical problems. It canbe a challenge to determine if -ly should be attached. Avoid the trap of -ly with linking verbs,such as taste, smell, look, feel, etc. Adverbs are often misplaced in suchsentences, which require adjectives instead. Do the roses actively smell with noses? No; in this case, smell is a linking verb—which requires an adjective to modify roses—so no -ly.

Did the woman look with her eyes, or are we describing her appearance? We are describing her appearance she appeared angry , so no -ly. Here the woman actively looked used her eyes , so the -ly is added. The word good is an adjective, whose adverb equivalent is well. You did a good job.

The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation

Good describes the job. You did the job well. Well answers how. You smell good today. Good describes your fragrance, not how you smell with your nose, so using the adjective is correct.

You smell well for someone with a cold. You are actively smelling with your nose here, so use the adverb. There vs. They re Quiz 1 Their vs. Effect Quiz 1 Answers Affect vs. Effect Quiz 2 Answers Lay vs. Lie Quiz 1 Answers Lay vs. Lie Quiz 2 Answers Advice vs.

Advise Quiz 1 Answers Advice vs. Advise Quiz 2 Answers Their vs. When you are finished, put your answer sheet inside your test booklet and close your test booklet. At the end of each test section you can total your score and get feedback. This assessment will provide valuable data to both second and third grade teachers, ensuring that our youngest learners are strengthening foundational literacy and math skills early in their academic careers.

This is to be used as a diagnostic test. Click on the thumbnail preview to download each worksheet. This test is one of the California Standards Tests administered as part of the Standardized Testing and Reporting fourth-grade student estimated to be reading at a second-grade level, you might begin with tasks for Early-mid Grade 2.

Rachel bought 3 2 3 pounds of grapes. Additionally, you as an instructor can use the results of the diagnostic test to note which areas of content will require extra attention in the At the end of each test your level will be assessed at a CEF level A2 to C2. The table shows the four top averages. You may go back to the Reading Section to help you answer the questions. The answer key notes areas of weakness and directs learners to the appropriate sections of ServSafe Manager Book for further study prior to class.

Updated in Programs No Longer Administered by the California Department of Education CDE on August 25, Beginning with the school year, schools districts will not be required to administer the mathematics or writing diagnostics in grades one and two or the writing diagnostic in grade three, but may do so at the discretion of the district board.

Content 2. Write the capital letters for the following simple letters. The practice test may be used at home or at school to help students become more familiar with the LEAP test they will take in spring A procedure that uses a long, flexible, narrow tube with a light and tiny camera on one end to look inside your Literary Terms Diagnostic Test And Answer Key.

It can help students feel more relaxed when they take the actual test. The FCAT 2. Learn more. Dale used these steps to form a number pattern. Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Use the graph below to answer questions 36— Diagnostic test provide information that will help guide instruction by providing support to students and teachers. Example At the start of the course, the teacher gives the learners a diagnostic test to see what areas of language need to be in the syllabus.

Diagnostic test helps identify what the student brings to his or her learning, in general or with respect to a specific subject.

You can print or photocopy for your students. Which picture begins with the sound of the letter in the box? Tests for listening, grammar and vocabulary also available.

Never before had there been any rabbits on the Australian continent. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Diagnostic Test Grade 3. Diagnostic Test Directions: Circle the best answer for each of the following questions. The Practice Test gives students, parents and families, teachers, administrators, and others an A collection of downloadable worksheets, exercises and activities to teach Diagnostic tests, shared by English language teachers.

Which is the naming word noun in the sentence? The diagnostic test comes with a complete answer key. The exemplars, which include the ANA model test, supplement the school-based assessments that learners must undergo on a continuous basis and do not replace them. These This is a quick, free online test.

If your English is very good you will answer more difficult questions than someone whose English Ninth Grade - Grammar Pretest Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Offres spéciales et liens associés

Smart-Kids Practice test Mathematics Grade 2. Take one of our many Common Core: 10th Grade English Language Arts practice tests for a run-through of commonly asked questions.

This test sampler is put together to give you an understanding of what we are seeing on Core based tests for this level. At the end of the test you will be able to see the answers.

All English tests have answers and explanations. The second term is 5. You will receive incredibly detailed scoring results at the end of your Common Core: 10th Grade English Language Arts practice test to help you identify your strengths and weaknesses. Make time to take the practice test.

The test multiple choice based and is there for diagnostic purposes to assess your present language needs.All rights reserved. Good vs.

Example: He is a strong, healthy man. Better: In my lunch bag is a cake that Mollie baked. A singular subject she, Bill, car takes a singular verb is, goes, shines , whereas aplural subject takes a plural verb. Example: I know him well. Have you ever visited New England in the Fall? After a long day of work, their brains were fried. Sometimes a not un- construction may be desirable, perhaps even necessary: