OFFICIAL VOLLEYBALL RULES. 1. OFFICIAL VOLLEYBALL RULES Approved by the 35th FIVB Congress To be implemented in. Basic Volleyball Rules. NUMBER OF PLAYERS: All age levels will have six players on the court. TIME LIMIT: Matches are limited to 50 minutes. Teams can play. Basic Volleyball Rules. THE SERVE. (A) Server must serve from behind the restraining line (end line) until after contact. (B) Ball may be served underhand or.

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Volleyball Rules. Each participant is responsible for presenting a current BAKER ID at game time. NO. EXCEPTIONS. Teams. Games shall be played with four. Every coach can use one place with the basics of the game! Check out the "Basic Volleyball Rules and Terminology" as a quick refresh!. National Federation of High School (NFHS) rules will be used with some in- house modifications The official ball shall be a regulation, leather indoor volleyball.

The player in the back right position in the rotation serves the ball. To serve, players must stand behind the court's end line and hit the ball out of the air.

If the serve hits the net or lands out of bounds, the server's team loses the point. The same player continues to serve until his team loses a point. When a team loses a point on its serve, the other team gains the right to serve.

Play Teams must return the ball over the net in three hits or fewer. Blocks do not count toward the team's hit total. If one player hits the ball twice in succession or contacts the ball illegally by palming, catching or throwing it, her team loses the point. If a back-row player attacks the ball illegally, his team loses the point.

Players are also not allowed to block or spike a serve, nor are they allowed to hit the ball more than once consecutively while the ball is in play.

Passing a hand above the net is only permitted while blocking an attack or spiking the ball. No part of the player's body or uniform is allowed to touch the net.

Players are to call balls in or out of bounds.

If there is a dispute, play is resumed by re-serving the ball with no point awarded. There are some violations that can happen in volleyball. The server is in violation when they step on or over the end line while serving; or if the ball is not served over the net. There is also a libero tracking sheet, where the referees or officiating team must keep track of whom the libero subs in and out for.

Under FIVB rules, two liberos are designated at the beginning of play, only one of whom can be on the court at any time. Furthermore, a libero is not allowed to serve, according to international rules, with the exception of the NCAA women's volleyball games, where a rule change allows the libero to serve, but only in a specific rotation.

That is, the libero can only serve for one person, not for all of the people for whom she goes in.

That rule change was also applied to high school and junior high play soon after. Recent rule changes Other rule changes enacted in include allowing serves in which the ball touches the net, as long as it goes over the net into the opponents' court. Also, the service area was expanded to allow players to serve from anywhere behind the end line but still within the theoretical extension of the sidelines.

Other changes were made to lighten up calls on faults for carries and double-touches, such as allowing multiple contacts by a single player "double-hits" on a team's first contact provided that they are a part of a single play on the ball. In , the NCAA changed the minimum number of points needed to win any of the first four sets from 30 to 25 for women's volleyball men's volleyball remained at 30 for another 3 years, switching to 25 in If a fifth deciding set is reached, the minimum required score remains at In addition, the word "game" is now referred to as "set".

FIVB-Volleyball_Rules_EN-vpdf - OFFICIAL

Serve Play media 3D animation floating serve A player stands behind the inline and serves the ball, in an attempt to drive it into the opponent's court. The main objective is to make it land inside the court; it is also desirable to set the ball's direction, speed and acceleration so that it becomes difficult for the receiver to handle it properly. In contemporary volleyball, many types of serves are employed: Underhand: a serve in which the player strikes the ball below the waist instead of tossing it up and striking it with an overhand throwing motion.

Underhand serves are considered very easy to receive and are rarely employed in high-level competitions. Sky ball serve: a specific type of underhand serve occasionally used in beach volleyball , where the ball is hit so high it comes down almost in a straight line.

This serve was invented and employed almost exclusively by the Brazilian team in the early s and is now considered outdated. During the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro , however, the sky ball serve was extensively played by Italian beach volleyball player Adrian Carambula.

In Brazil, this serve is called Jornada nas Estrelas Star Trek Topspin: an overhand serve where the player tosses the ball high and hits it with a wrist snap, giving it topspin which causes it to drop faster than it would otherwise and helps maintain a straight flight path.

Basic Rules & Regulations for Playing Volleyball

Topspin serves are generally hit hard and aimed at a specific returner or part of the court. Standing topspin serves are rarely used above the high school level of play. Float: an overhand serve where the ball is hit with no spin so that its path becomes unpredictable, akin to a knuckleball in baseball. Jump serve: an overhand serve where the ball is first tossed high in the air, then the player makes a timed approach and jumps to make contact with the ball, hitting it with much pace and topspin.

This is the most popular serve among college and professional teams. Jump float: an overhand serve where the ball is tossed high enough that the player may jump before hitting it similarly to a standing float serve.

The ball is tossed lower than a topspin jump serve, but contact is still made while in the air. This serve is becoming more popular among college and professional players because it has a certain unpredictability in its flight pattern. It is the only serve where the server's feet can go over the inline.

Pass A player making a forearm pass or bump Also called reception, the pass is the attempt by a team to properly handle the opponent's serve, or any form of attack. Proper handling includes not only preventing the ball from touching the court, but also making it reach the position where the setter is standing quickly and precisely.

Set Jump set The set is usually the second contact that a team makes with the ball. As with passing, one may distinguish between an overhand and a bump set.

Since the former allows for more control over the speed and direction of the ball, the bump is used only when the ball is so low it cannot be properly handled with fingertips, or in beach volleyball where rules regulating overhand setting are more stringent.

In the case of a set, one also speaks of a front or back set, meaning whether the ball is passed in the direction the setter is facing or behind the setter. There is also a jump set that is used when the ball is too close to the net. In this case the setter usually jumps off their right foot straight up to avoid going into the net.

Sometimes a setter refrains from raising the ball for a teammate to perform an attack and tries to play it directly onto the opponent's court.

This movement is called a "dump". The most common dumps are to 'throw' the ball behind the setter or in front of the setter to zones 2 and 4. More experienced setters toss the ball into the deep corners or spike the ball on the second hit.

Attack See also: Volleyball Offensive Systems A Spanish player , 18 in red outfit, about to spike towards the Portuguese field, whose players try to block the way The attack, also known as the spike, is usually the third contact a team makes with the ball. Ideally the contact with the ball is made at the apex of the hitter's jump.

At the moment of contact, the hitter's arm is fully extended above their head and slightly forward, making the highest possible contact while maintaining the ability to deliver a powerful hit. The hitter uses arm swing, wrist snap, and a rapid forward contraction of the entire body to drive the ball.

A "kill" is the slang term for an attack that is not returned by the other team thus resulting in a point. The player must jump from behind the 3-meter line before making contact with the ball, but may land in front of the 3-meter line. Line and Cross-court Shot: refers to whether the ball flies in a straight trajectory parallel to the side lines, or crosses through the court in an angle.

A cross-court shot with a very pronounced angle, resulting in the ball landing near the 3-meter line, is called a cut shot. Off-speed hit: the player does not hit the ball hard, reducing its speed and thus confusing the opponent's defense. The set called a "quick set" is placed only slightly above the net and the ball is struck by the hitter almost immediately after leaving the setter's hands.

Quick attacks are often effective because they isolate the middle blocker to be the only blocker on the hit. Slide: a variation of the quick hit that uses a low back set.

The middle hitter steps around the setter and hits from behind him or her. It can be used to deceive opposite blockers and free a fourth hitter attacking from back-court, maybe without block at all. Block Three players performing a block a.

A well-executed offensive block is performed by jumping and reaching to penetrate with one's arms and hands over the net and into the opponent's area. The jump should be timed so as to intercept the ball's trajectory prior to it crossing over the net.

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Palms are held deflected downward roughly 45—60 degrees toward the interior of the opponents court. A "roof" is a spectacular offensive block that redirects the power and speed of the attack straight down to the attacker's floor, as if the attacker hit the ball into the underside of a peaked house roof. By contrast, it is called a defensive, or "soft" block if the goal is to control and deflect the hard-driven ball up so that it slows down and becomes easier to defend.

A well-executed soft-block is performed by jumping and placing one's hands above the net with no penetration into the opponent's court and with the palms up and fingers pointing backward.

Blocking is also classified according to the number of players involved. Thus, one may speak of single or solo , double, or triple block.

While it's obvious that a block was a success when the attacker is roofed, a block that consistently forces the attacker away from their 'power' or preferred attack into a more easily controlled shot by the defense is also a highly successful block. At the same time, the block position influences the positions where other defenders place themselves while opponent hitters are spiking. Dig Player going for a dig Digging is the ability to prevent the ball from touching one's court after a spike or attack, particularly a ball that is nearly touching the ground.

It is especially important while digging for players to stay on their toes; several players choose to employ a split step to make sure they're ready to move in any direction. Some specific techniques are more common in digging than in passing. A player may sometimes perform a "dive", i. When the player also slides their hand under a ball that is almost touching the court, this is called a "pancake".

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The pancake is frequently used in indoor volleyball, but rarely if ever in beach volleyball because the uneven and yielding nature of the sand court limits the chances that the ball will make a good, clean contact with the hand. When used correctly, it is one of the more spectacular defensive volleyball plays.

Sometimes a player may also be forced to drop their body quickly to the floor to save the ball. In this situation, the player makes use of a specific rolling technique to minimize the chances of injuries. Team play U. These team movements are determined by the teams chosen serve receive system, offensive system, coverage system, and defensive system.

The serve-receive system is the formation used by the receiving team to attempt to pass the ball to the designated setter. Systems can consist of 5 receivers, 4 receivers, 3 receivers, and in some cases 2 receivers.If the team that won the point served in the previous point, the same player serves again.

If a fifth deciding set is reached, the minimum required score remains at When the setter digs the ball, the libero is typically responsible for the second ball and sets to the front row attacker. If a fifth deciding set is reached, the minimum required score remains at Volleyball Rules Photo credit: Wikicommons Source Variations of the game volleyball have been in circulation since around See also.

There is also a jump set that is used when the ball is too close to the net.