Maryanne Kearny kaz-news.info loAnn Crandall Edward N. Kearny. Dedicated to Lisa Kearny and Joseph Keyerleber American Ways: An Introduction to American Culture, Third Edition. Amercan ways: an introduction to American culture I by Maryanne Kearny Datesman, JoAnn Crandall. American Ways, Third Edition book. Read reviews from world's largest community for readers. Whether you're a businessperson beginning to work in the Unit. american ways third edition | Download eBook pdf, epub The third edition also includes other exercises that can be used to help students become more.
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Perhaps by the time a third edition of this book is writ- ten, clear and graceful Readers of this second edition of American Ways will find elaboration on these. American Ways Third Edition A Cultural Guide To The United States Of America [ PDF] [EPUB] The. New American Bible, Revised Edition. American Culture, 3rd Edition" Pearson ESL | | ISBN: | pages | File type: PDF |. 52 mb American Ways: An Introduction to American.
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Sort order. Mar 15, Christine rated it it was amazing. I am a US American and the book provided me with insight about myself. Reflecting on my values, beliefs and actions and how my actions, communications and behavior characteristics could be perceived by other cultures.
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A very good read and it may even give you a chuckle or two. Caroline Nguyen rated it it was amazing Dec 05, Dawn rated it really liked it Jan 06, Mahmood Hussain rated it it was amazing Aug 13, Jaq Greenspon rated it liked it Apr 30, Popi Boba rated it really liked it Apr 01, Ke Zhang rated it really liked it May 25, Lifan Xu rated it it was amazing Aug 22, Reza Sajedinia rated it liked it Jun 18, Sruthi Kancharla rated it it was amazing Sep 03, Daniel Ho rated it it was amazing Dec 22, That tie is a sense of national identiry-of being an American.
Incidentally, when citizens of the United States refer to themselves as Americans, they have no intention of excluding people from Canada or Latin American countries as residents of the American continents. There is no term such as United Statesians in me English language, so people call themselves Americans. Thus, what is really a language problem has sometimes caused misunderstandings.
Although citizens of Latin American countries may call the people in the United States North Americans, ro many people in the United States this makes no sense either, because the term North American refers to Canadians and Mexicans as well as citizens of the United Stares.. The word American, men, is used in this [ext as the nationality of the people who live in the United Stares of America. What holds them together and makes them feel American? Is it possible to make generalizations about what they believe?
As we [a. The ways in which some Americans practice their beliefs may also differ, resulting in a great variety of lifestyles. What we attempt to do is to define and explain the traditional, dominant cultural values that have for so many years attracted immigrants to the United Stares. Tocqueville came to the United Srates as a yo ung Frenchman in to srudy the American form of democracy and what it might mean to the rest of the world. After a visit of only nine months he wrote a..
Tocqueville had unusual powers of observation. He described not only the democratic system of government and how it operated, but also its effect on how Americans think, feel, and act. Many scholars believe that he had a deeper understanding of traditional American beliefs and values than anyone else who has written about the United States. What is so remarkable is that many of these traits of the American character, which he observed nearly years ago, are still visible and meaningful today.
He came in the s, before America was industrialized. This was the era of the small farmer, the small businessman, and the seeding of the western frontier. It was the period of history when the traditional values of the new country were being established.
In just a generation, some forty years since the adoption ot the U. Constitution, the new form of government had already produced a society of people with unique values. The character traits Tocqueville describes are the same-ones that many Americans still take pride in today. He, however, was a neutral observer and saw both the good and the bad sides of these qualities.
It is not a book of cold facts about American behavior or institutions, 10 but rather it is about the motivating forces behind the people and their institutions. It is about how these traditional basic beliefs and values affect important aspects of American life: We invite you to participate in this book.
We will describe what many Americans think and believe, but you will have an opportunity [0 test these descriptions by making your own observations. As you read about these traditional basic values, think of themas worki ng hypotheses 11 which you can test on Americans, on people of other nations, and on people of your nationality. Compare them with your own values and beliefs and with what is most important in your life.
Through this process, you should emerge with a better understanding not only of Americans, bur also of your own culture and yourself. It is by studying ochers that we learn about ourselves. Understand Main Ideas Academic English organizes information into main or most important ideas and supporting details.
That is, there are usually three or four major points presented, and the rest of the information serves to explain or support these main ideas: The introduction focuses your attention on the topic. Then the main points are presented, and the conclusion reminds you of one or more central ideas. Noticing the headings in a text will help you figure out the main points the writer is presenting.
Check the predictions that you made on page 2 before reading the chapter. Then answer these questions about the main ideas. L What are two important factors that affect life in the United States?
What is the heading for the section chat discusses the history of immigration. American BeLiefs? Understand Details Write T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the information the chapter.
One factor affecting lifestyles in the United States is the differenr climates. American Indians all speak the same language. The dominant American culture was established by immigrants who came from southern Europe. Throughout the history of the United Stares, more immigrants have come from English-speaking countries than any other countries. ZangwiIl believed that immigrants would lose their native cultures and become something; different when they came to the United States.
All immigrants want to assimilate to the U. The English language has no adjective for United States and therefore uses the term American to refer to its people. It is not possible to make generalizations about what Americans believe because they are so different. Many of the characteristics of Americans which Alexi de Tocqueville observed in the are still true today. Improve Your Reading Skills:. Scanning In order to become a good reader in English, your reading speed and techniques should vary according to your purpose.
This eype of reading for a specific fact is called scanning. Read the questions below. Scan the reading to find the specific information need to answer each question. Talk About It Work in small group. What are some of the challenges that size large or small and diversity great or limited present to a country? Should a country have immigration quotas based on country of origin?
Should immigrants become citizens? Should countries allow "guest workers" people who work there temporarily? How would you describe the average person in your country and what he or she believes? Do you think people all over the world are basically the same or basically very different?
Build Your Vocabulary Use Context. Clues There are several types of context dues that will help you guess the meaning of words you do not know. By looking at the words around an unfamiliar word, you may be able to figure out its meaning.
See the fOLIT kinds of context dues on the next page. In the examples, the vocabulary words are in boldface. The context clues are in italics. The word may be defined in the sentence. Sometimes the definition is set off by commas or dashes. Other times it is not. There is still a tie that binds Americans together.
That tie is. There may be a synonym used in the same sentence. Native Americans belong to. There may be a comparison or contrast with a word or a phrase more familiar to you.
As the minority, nonwhite population. The sentence may give an example that helps you figure out the meaning. Tocqueville, however, was a neutral observer and. Use the context dues to figure out the meaning of the boldfaced words in the sentences above. Then write the correct word next to its definition. Now fill in the blanks with some of the boldfaced words above to complete the paragraph.
What qualities give people a national have characteristics that are The people who are part of a 2. First match the AWL words with their definitions. Then find the AWL words in the puzzle and circle them. Words may run horizontally. Understand Prefixes Recognizing the meaning of a prefix, a group of letters added to the beginning of a word or its root , will also help you guess the meaning of a new word.
For example, the prefix re- means again reunification and the prefix mismeans wrong misunderstand. Each of the boldfaced words in the sentences below has a prefix. Identify the prefix and write its meaning.. Use a dictionary. Before the , the majority of immigrants to the United States were Europeans, but changes in immigration laws resulted in large numbers of non-Ewopeans.
Estimates were that in addition to legal immigration, illegal immigration was add. In some parts of the country with established communities that share a common language or culture, bilingualism and biculturalism continue. Cultural pluralism is more accepted now than in the first half of the twentieth century, and many of the school systems have developed bilingual programs and multicultural curricula. People may migrate to another location in order to find work.
While many people immigrate co the United States each year, very few Americans choose to emigrate to another country to live. In the census of , there were nineteen racial categories to choose from. The number ofinterracial marriages is increasing Word Partners Certain words and phrases tend to go together in English, for example, ethnic diversity or traditional values.
This is called collocation. Learning these word panners will increase your ability to use new words correctly and help you express yourself as native speakers do. Read the sentences below.
Then match the adjectives on the left with their noun partners o,n the right. Immigrants b. Tocqueville was a and. Ethnic diversity is a 4. The United States now takes in more each year than all other combined. If there are no Americans to interview.
Americans are students or your classmates. They don't really like 4. Theyact 5. Most Americans believe in 6. The United States' is a country where 7. The average American is 8. Americans today are worried about 9. The most important thing in life CO. Think, Pair, Share Think about the following questions. Then discuss your answers with a partner and share your answers with another pair of students.
How would you define culeure: Look at several dictionaries to find definitions and read the first paragraph of the introduction to this book. Complete the statements in the previous exercise Ask Americans about your own country and share your answers.
For example: Understand Polls Conducting opinion polls is very popular in the United States. A newspaper, a magazine, a TV station, or a professional polling organization asks a representative group of Americans several questions to determine what their opinions are about a given topic.
See a Problem?
The pollsters choose men and women of different ages, occupations, and races in the same proportion that these groups are found in the population.
Sometimes, however, a random sample is taken which picks people by chance. Polls are especially popular around election time because everyone wants to know which candidate is ahead in the race and what the voters think about the key issues of the campaign. There are three well-known polling organizations chat measure public opinion on a variety of topics: SUVs are extremely popular with Americans, even though they are more expensive to drive because they generally do not get good gas mileage, Polls show that one reason for their popularity is that owners of SUVs feel that they and their families are safer in these large vehicles than they would be in other cars.
However, studies have shown that SUVs may roll over more easily and may therefore be more dangerous than people originaUy thought. The Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety organization asked the Harris polling organization to survey attitudes about the safety of SUVs and other vehicles.
One of the questions was "The next time you download a new vehicle, would you like to see information posted on a window sticker about the likelihood of a rollover, or would you not like ro see that information on a window sticker? Van Source: Survey of the Attitude' louis H'orri!
According to this poll, do you think people who own SUVs are much more concerned about rollovers than those who own other vehicles? Are Americans who live in the West more or less interested in rollover stickers than people who live in the South? Which socioeconomic group appears the least concerned-those the least money, or those who make the most? Many Americans who own SUVs have a lifestyle that is child-centered. In his book, The Clustered World: Wejss describes sixty-two distinct American lifestyles, or dusters of behavior.
It's not uncommen fol' parents to put in fifty miles a day carpooling their. Forleisure, these Americans are more likely than the general population to throw barbecues, watch videos, and play board games,.. People Watching Different countries have different rules for personal space, that is, when people touch, how close they stand when they are speaking to one another, how close they sit, how they behave on elevators, etc.
The rules for personal space sometimes differ according to how well people know each other. They are usually not consciously aware of these rules, bur they may become very uncomfortable if the rules are broken and their space is entered without permission. You can discover rhe rules by observing people interacting and also by testing or breaking rhe rules to see how other people respond.
Conduct two experiments about personal space. Follow these steps. Read the rules for personal space below.
Make your own observations of people. Write your observations in a journal. It may be helpful to work in pairs: One person tests the rules while the other observes and records what happens. Experiment with the rules.
Write rhe responses you receive.
First Rule: When they are in a crowd, Americans have a bubble of space around their bodies which is about an inch thick. This bubble of space must not be broken by a stranger. If American strangers touch each other accidenrally, they mutter an apology such as "Pardon me," "Excuse me," "Oh, I'm sorry. Watch people in a crowd, standing in line, waiting in a group, or passing on a street or in a hallway. Who is touching whom? What does their relationship appear [Q be?
What happens when people touch accidentally? How does the person touched respond? Whar does [he one who has broken the other's bubble do? Record gestures. See how close you can stand to someone in a crowd without touching him or her. Try breaking someone's bubble of space with a very light touch of your elbow or arm. What is the person's response? This may provoke an angry responsel.
Second Rule: When standing in elevators, Americans usually face the door, speak quietly, and try to avoid touching one another. If a stranger enters an elevator where there is only one other person, he or she will stand on the opposite side of the elevator. As more people get on the elevator, they occupy the corners first and then try to disperse themselves evenly throughout the available space.
Observe people in elevators. Which direction are they facing? If you are alone in an elevator and someone comes in, where does that person stand? As more people enter the elevator, where do they stand? Do the people talk to one another? How loudly do they speak? Do strangers touch? What happens in a crowded elevator when someone in the back has to get off?
Get on an elevator where there is only one person and stand next to that individual, Whar is the person's reaction? How do the people react? Have a conversation with someone in a crowded elevator and don't lower your voice. How do you think people feel about this? Note their facial expressions. Harris Polls are usually scientific polls, but they also conduct informal weekly polls online.
These informal weekly polls only reflecr the views of the people who happen to visit their website and answer the poU questions. You can participate in their weekly poll. Visit the Harris Polls website at www. Then answer the question and see how others voted. Choose one of the following writing topics. Then write a short cornposltlcn about it. To organize your thoughts, use a g,raphic organizer to write down your ideas before you begin your c.
Reread me poll on page lB. Would you want to own an SUV? Explain why or why not. How do you and yom family spend leisure time together? Where are three places that you would want to take someone visiting from another country? Choose a folktale from your culture. Retell the folktale in English and explain why you think this tale is representative of your culture. Use the Internet to look for information about your country's or a.
Use a search engine such as www. Be sure to include the URL the uniform resource locator , which is the address of the website. Do the following searches and write a report about what you find. You must use quotation marks " " when one of the terms you are searching for has more than one word.
American Ways - 3rd Edition
Books to Read Sherwood Anderson, Winesburg, Ohio-Published in , this literary masterpiece explores the hidden passions of ordinary lives in a small American town. John F. Kennedy, A Nation of lmmigrants- President Kennedy, himself the grandson of Irish immigrants, discusses how old immigrant traditions mix with the new experiences of immigrants starting Lifeover in America.
Rolvaag, Giants in the Earth: A Saga of the Prairie- The classic Story of a Norwegian pioneer family's struggles as they try to make a new life on the American frontier. Henry David Thoreau, Walden-A classic account of Thoreau's experiment of simple living in a cabin on the shore of Walden Pond inthe Michael J. Weiss, The CLusteredWorld: How we live, what we download, and what it all means about who weare-Drawing on census data, market surveys, and interviews, the author explores how people spend their time and money in America and throughout the world.
Spellbound-A documentary that follows severaj children and their families as they prepare for and compete in the national spelling contest. The Terminal-An eastern European immigram who is not permitted to enter the United States decides to take up temporary residence at a JFK airport terminal.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. The Declaration of Independence Here are some key AWL words in this chapter. Look at their definitions.
Put a check next to the words you already know. Work with a partner. Complete each question with a word from the preceding list. Then answer the questions. What country provided the language and the political and economic systems of the United States? Read the quotation from the Declaration of Independence at the beginning of the chapter, and find the words with the foHowing meanings.
Preview Content A.
Before you read. Work with a partner and discuss these questions. What is the main idea of the quotation at the beginning of the chapter? What are some of the reasons people want to come live in the United States? Use this graphic organizer to write down your ideas.. Are any of these ideas similar? If so, draw lines connecting them. What is the ''American Dream'? Give a one-sentence summary of the ideas you wrore for question 2. What do you think Americans believe is the best thing about their country?
Think about what values and beliefs could be important to Americans. Work with a partner, and make three predictions about what you will read. Write your predictions here. The Context of Traditional American Values: Racial, Ethnic, Religious, and Cultural Diversity n the rwenry-firsr century, the United States probably has a greater diversity of racial, ethnic, cultural, and religious groups than any other nation on earth.
From the beginning of the history of the United States there has been diversiry-s-Native Americans throughout the North American continent, Spanish settlers in the Southwest and in Florida, French missionaries and fur traders along the Mississippi River, black slaves brought from African countries, Dutch sertlers in New York, Germans in Pennsylvania, and of course the British colonists, whose culture eventually provided the language and the foundation for the political and economic systems that developed in the United States.
Today, Unclaimed there is more recognition Bri.!. French claims of the value of cultural Spanish claims pluralism than at any o , Russian cia lrns I l!
So orce: When we examine the system of basic values that emerged in the late s and began to define the American character, we must remember this context of cultural. How could a nation of such enormous diversity produce a recognizable national identity?
John Zogby, an American pollster who surveys public opinion, says that what holds the United States together is that "we all share a common set of values that make us American, We are defined by the rights we have Our rights are our history, why the first European settlers came here and why millions more have come here since. The opportunities they believed they would find in America and the experiences they actually had when they arrived nurtured this set of values.
We will examine six basic values that have become traditional American values. Three represent traditional reasons why immigrants have been drawn. In order to achieve these benefits, however, there were prices to be paid: In time, these prices themselves became a part of the traditional value system. They wanted to escape the controls placed on many aspects of their lives by kings and governments, priests and churches, noblemen and aristocrats. In , the British colonial settlers declared their independence from England and established a new nation, the United States of America.
In so doing, they defied2 me king of England and declared that the power to govern would lie in the hands of the people. They were now free from me power of the kings.
This greatly limited the power of the church. Also, in writing the Constitution they expressly forbade titles of nobility to ensure that an aristocratic society would not develop.
There would be no ruling class of noblemen in the new nation. The historic decisions made by those first settlers have had a profound3 effect on the shaping of the American character. By limiting the power of the government and the churches and eliminating a formal aristocracy, the early settlers created a climate of freedom where the emphasis was on the individual. The United States came to be associated in their minds with the concept of individu. This is probably the most basic of all the American values.
Scholars and outside observers often call this value individualism, but many Americans use the word freedom. It is one of the most respected and popular words in the United Scates today. By fteedom, Americans mean the desire and the right of all individuals to control their own destiny without outside interference from the government, a ruling noble class, the church, or any other organized authority.
The desire to be free of controls was a basic value of the new nation in , and it has continued to attract immigrants to this country. There is, however, a price to be paid for this individual freedom: Individuals must learn to rely on themselves or risk losing freedom. Traditionally, this means achieving both financial and emotional independence from their parents as early as possible, usually by age eighteen or twenty-one.
It means that Americans believe they should take care of themselves, solvetheir own problems, and "stand on their own two feet. They owe nothing to any man, they expect nothing from any man; they acquire the habit of always considering themselves as standing alone, and they are apt t04 imagine that their whole destiny is in their own hands. This strong belief in self-reliance continues today as a traditional basic American value. Ie is perhaps one of the most difficult aspects of the American character to understand, bur it is profoundly important.
Most Americans believe that they must be self-reliant in order to keep their freedom. If they rely too much on the suppOrt of their families or the government or any organization, they may lose some of their freedom to do what they want.
The Case for Reparations
Often adult children return home to live with their parents because of economic conditions or a failed marriage. Parents are usually happy to help our, but most members of the family expect this co be a short-term arrangement. When people are dependent, they risk losing freedom and they may also lose the respect of their peers. Although Americans provide a lot of ftnancial support to people in need through charities or government programs, they expect that help to be short-lived. Eventually, people should take care of themselves.
Although receiving financial support from char. Some people believe that such individuals are setting a bad example, which may weaken the American character as a whole. The sight of beggars on city streets and the plighc?
Generations of immigrants, from the earliest settlers ro the present day, have come to the United States with this expectation. They have felt that because individuals are free from excessive political, religious, and social controls, they have a better chance for personal success, Of particular importance is the lack of a.
Because titles of nobility were forbidden in the Constitution, formal class system developed in the United States. In the early years of American history, many immigrants chose to leave older European societies because they believed that they had. In "the old country," the country from 5 6 7 8 peers; people who are the same age or have the same type of job, rank, etc.
They knew that in America they would not have to live among noble families who possessed great power and wealth inherited and accumulated over hundreds of years. The hopes and dreams of many of these early immigrants were fulfilled in weir new country, The lower social class into which many were born did not prevent them from trying to rise to a higher social position.
Many found that they did indeed have a better chance to succeed in the United States than in the old country. Because millions of these immigrants succeeded, Americans came to believe in equality of opportunity. When Tocqueville visited the United States in the , he was impressed by the great uniformiry of conditions of life in the new nation. He wrote,. The more 1 advanced in the study of American society, the more I perceived that It is important to understand what most Americans mean when they say they believe in equality of opportunity.
They do not mean that everyone is-or should be-e-equal. However, they do mean that each individual should have an equal chance for success. Americans see much of life as a race for success. For them, equality means that everyone should have an equal chance to enter the race and win.
In other words, equality of opportunity may be thought of as an ethical rule. It helps ensure that the race for success is a fair one and that a person does not win just because he or she was born into a wealthy family. This American concept of "fair play" is an important aspect of the belief in equality of opportunity. When one starts poor, as most do in the race of life, free society is such that he knows he can - better his condition; he knows that there is no fixed condition of labor for his whole lifo.
However, the price to be paid for this equality of opportunity is competition. If much of life is seen as a race, then a person must run the race in order to succeed; a person must compete with others, even though we know not everyone will be successful.
If every person has an equal chance to succeed in the United States, then many would say that it is every person's duty to try.
Many Americans enjoy matching their energy and intelligence against those of others in a contest for success. People who like to compete are often more successfulthan others, and many are honored by being called winners On the other hand, those who do not like to compete and those who are not successful when they try are sometimes dishonored by being called losers. The pressures of competition in the life of an American begin in childhood and continue until retirement from work.
Learning to compete successfully is pan of growing up in the United Scates, and competition is encouraged by strong programs of competitive sports provided by the public schools and community groups. Competitive spans are now popular with both men and women. When they retire traditionally at age sixty-five , they are at last free from the pressures of competition. But then a new problem arises. Some may feel useless and unwanted in a society that gives so much prestige!!
In fact, generally speaking, any group of people who do not compete successfully-for whatever reason-do not fit into the mainstream of American life as well as those who do compete and succeed. For the vast majority of the immigrants who came here, this was probably the most compelling reason for leaving their homeland.
Because of its incredibly abundant natural resources, the United States appeared to be a land of plenty where millions couJd come to seek their fortunes. Of course, most immigrants d. Even if they were not able to achieve the economic success they warned, they could be fairly certain that their children would have the opportunity for a better life. The phrase "going from rags to riches" became a slogan 10 for the "American Dream.
They achieved material success and many became very attached to material things. It is becoming increasingly more difficult to describe the American culture, and it is uncertain whether the traditional mainstream culture will continue to be the dominant culture in the future.
In the third edition of this book, the basic conceptual framework of traditional values remains [he same. However, it is not clear how future generations will interpret or change them. Chapter 12 has been completely rewritten to focus more dearly on what is happening to traditional American values and on the challenges the United States faces after the terrorist attacks of September 11, Originally we envisioned this book primarily for use in English language courses designed to prepare students to study in American universities.
We believe students in those courses need experience presenting information and voicing their personal opinions to others: they should be encouraged to make both oral and written reports and participate in debates and formal discussions. We have written many exercises that suggest appropriate topics and activities.
The third edition also includes other exercises that can be used to help students become more effective in American universities. For example, some exercises provide instruction on how to identify and organize academic information inca main ideas and supporting details; others focus on skimming and scanning. There is also much more attention to vocabulary in this edition, including To the Teacher v some exercises on collocation.
Answers to the exercises, additional teaching tips, and graphic organizers can be found in the Teacher's Manual, We have been delighted to hear from many teachers about creative ways they have used American 1. Teachers have used the values framework to design courses where students could explore ways in which the values appear in American literature or current events, for example, focusing on materials the teacher developed from other sources and presented in addition to the text.
The vocabulary level is in the range of 3, to 4, words, with emphasis on the Academic Word List. Grammatical structures are not controlled, although an effort has been made to avoid overly complex patterns. Content Information about traditional basic American values, where they came from, and how these values affect various institutions and aspects of life in the United States, for example, religion, business, government, race relations, education, recreation, and the family.
Types of Exercises Pre-reading activities, vocabulary work including collocation exercises , comprehension questions on barb main ideas and details, topics for discussion, values clarification, questions for Americans, suggestions for research and oral reports, ideas for pair work and group projects, proverbs, people watching and experiments, understanding polls and the media, Internet activities, writing topics, and suggested books and movies.
In Kentucky, she established and administered a private language school and directed programs for refugees.. Edward N. Kearny is professor emeritus of government at Western Kentucky University. He earned his Ph. He also holds a bachelor's degree in economics and a master's degree in psychology, and he has written a number ofbooks and articles on American politics.Christine Edmonds Senior production editor: American BeLiefs?
Then write a short cornposltlcn about it. This is called collocation. The humiliation of Whites Only signs are gone.
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