Dravyaguna vigyan book pdf book is the compilation done Dravyaguna vigyan book pdf Vigyan - Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan. Discuss importance of Nama-Rupa-Vigyana in Dravyaguna and explain that GUNA KARMA VIGYAN (AYURVEDIC AND MODERN PHARMACOLOGY) . Answers to both the sections should be written in SEPARATE answer books. Department of Dravyaguna Vigyan. Dr. Yogini Ramchandra Kulkarni (B.A.M.S., MD-Dravyaguna, Ph.D. - Ayurveda) - kaz-news.info Deepak Lad – 2 Books.

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17 Nov Dravyaguna Vigyan Pv Sharma Pdf Free – Plant,,profile,, rs aggarwal non verbal reasoning book pdf free download. Text Book Of. Varanasi. Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan. Varanasi. Reprint. 4th edition. Stock ID # Vol II. Vegetable Drugs. Black and white photographic. Dravyaguna is the basic subject of Ayurveda having eight broad branches. This book mainly covers the first paper of Dravyaguna for BAMS students as per.

D, Prakas S, Singh P. Principle of Dravyaguna Ayurvedic Pharmacology. Dubey1, S. Prakas1 and P. Abstract: The existence of medicine shows its prehistoric antiquity.

The knowledge regarding medicinal value of plants has been collected in a course of several centuries. The acceptability of alternatives medicine particularly the herbal medicine has now become a critical need of time. In this articles fundamental of Dravyaguna Ayurvedic Pharmacology has been taken in accounts so that one can understand the action of various drugs properly.

It is the time when Ayurvedic concept should be proved on modern parameters. Ayurvedic pharmacology is being dealt with these terms- Rasa taste , Guna Properties , Virya active principles , Vipak Biotransformation and Prabhav Specific action.

Biomed Pharmacol J ;4 1. This is counterpart of modern pharmacology. It would be necessary, at first, to understand the fundamentals of Ayurveda in general before one can grasp the concepts of Dravyaguna. Panchabhutas Akasha, Vayu, Agni, Jala and Prithivi are regarded as physico-chemical basis of the material objects.

When life evolved, out of these five, three came forward to control and regulate the biological functions. These three Vata, Pitta, Kapha are known as tridhatu tridosha in pathological state having specific functions of Vikshepa movement.

Adana assimilation and Visarga growth respectively. Primarily based on this fundamental background, the following concepts were developed to explain the drug action. Guna Property Rasa Taste 4.


Vipaka Final transformation Virya Potency 6. It is the substratum of properties and actions. Drug was studied extensively and in ensively in ancient times. Caraka has classified drugs from various angles, e. Marvelous piece in the Charaka-Samhita is the description of fifty groups of drugs according to their main action.

Similar classification is found in the Sushruta-Samhita where thirty-seven groups of drugs are defined according to their effect and therapeutic uses. In this connection, two broad propositions are established There is no substance which can not be used as drug. All drugs are composed of five bhutas.

Gunas Guna quality or property is defined as that which is inherently existent in substance and is non-inherent cause of its effect. Gunas are fourty one in number and are classified into four groups-somatic, psychic, physical and applicative. Ruksha — Rough Manda — Dull 8. Tikshna — Sharp 9. Shlakshna — Smooth 1 Khara — Course Sandra — Solid Drava — Liquid Mridu — Soft Kathina — Hard Sthira — Stable Sara — Unstable Sukshma — Minute Sthula — Gross Vishada — Non slimy Pichhila — Slimy Psychic qualiteis : — These are six in number such as ichcha desire , dvesha aversion , sukha pleasure , duhkha pain , prayatna will and buddhi determinative intellect.

Physical or material qualities : — These are five in numbers such as shabda sound , sparsha touch , rupa vision , rasa taste and gandha smell. They are specific objects artha or vishaya of five sensory organs.

Yukti is rational and effective combination of multiple factors. Sankhya is accurate marking. Vibhaga is viyoga disjunction , vibhakti excision and bhagasho graham division.

Prithaktva is separateness or difference in terms of place, time, class and individuals. Parimana is estimation in terms of measurement or weight.

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Samskara is processing for refinement. Abhyasa is constant use or practice.

Rasa Rasa is the object of gustatory sense organ and is located in dravya. Rasa is manifested by permutation and combination of bhutas in dravya and as such is dependent on it. On the other hand, from rasa one can infer the particular bhautika composition of the dravya generally.

Thus, though subjective it is a reliable means for the same.

Charaka says that ap and priathivi are material cause of rasa in its origin while the other three bhutas serve as instrumental cause in their variations. Rasa is perceived through nipata contact with the gustatory sense organ. Thus rasa is known from perception and also from inference on the basis of its characters such as effect on salivation etc.

Rasas are six in number — madhura sweet , amla sour , lavana salty , katu pungent , tikta bitter and kashaya astringent. Madhura Rasa pacifies vata and pitta and increases kapha, promotes strength and helps excretions on the other hand if this is used excessively it causes disorders like prameha etc. While its non use may cause disorders due to aggravation of vata and pitta.


As said above, madhura rasa has effects on dosha, dhatu and mala. Effect of dravyas and gunas on dosha, dhatu and mala should be examined carefully. Amla Rasa increases kapha and pitta and pacifies vata, decreases semen, is carminative, appetizer and digestive. By excessive use, it causes amlapitta acid gastritis etc. Dipana-pachana effects are due to its action on agni.

That is why due to non-use it leads to loss of appetite etc. Lavana Rasa increases kapha and pitta while pacifies vata, destroys semen, is carminative, appetizer, digestive and moistening. Katu Rasa increases vata and pitta while decreases kapha, destroys semen, checks movements of wind, stool and urine and stimulates digestive fire.

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If used excessively it generates disorders caused by vata and pitta and if not used at all disorders caused by kapha arise. Due to aggravation of vata it causes constipation and obstruction in urine. Due to igneous nature it stimulates digestive fire.

Tikta Rasa pacifies kapha and pitta while increases vata, is absorbent and cleans channels. Karma chapter is discussed more eleborately with modern pharmocological actions.

Several herbs screened for biological and pharmacological activities are mentioned with relavent references. Research works related to Rasa, Virya etc. The panchabhoutick aspects of Rasa, Guna, Virya etc.

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Overall, the text is meant for every one who is interested to learn about fundamental principles of dravyaguna in Ayurveda. One can not forget the dictum-a good physician is a good pharmacologist too. It clearly indicates that a thorough knowledge in the science of drugs engenders excellent success in clinical practice to the physician.

He is born at Narasapuram W G Dist. The author is the recipient of two gold medals from Nagarjuna Univ.

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He presented several clinical and scientific papers at Regional, National and International seminars.Charaka says that ap and priathivi are material cause of rasa in its origin while the other three bhutas serve as instrumental cause in their variations.

Hence, a detailed knowledge of Dravyas, its properties takes prime importance. D Albizzia lebbeck Benth. In emesis etc. In India, the earliest mention of the use of medicinal plants is found drqvyaguna the Rigveda which was written between B.

He presented several clinical and scientific papers at Regional, National and International seminars.

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Stambhana checking effect of kashaya is specific due to its shita and parithiva nature and because of this leads to loss of appetite.