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It's not uncommon for fictional characters to live in a town that exists in real life or shop at real stores. Here's an easy way to word your disclaimer so that it covers both the fictional and non-fictional details: But even though eBook disclaimers are serious business, they don't have to be seriously boring.

There's no rule that says your eBook disclaimer has to be chock full of legal details that make people fall asleep before getting to the end.

In fact, the more interesting your eBook disclaimer is, the more likely people are to read and remember it! Business attorney Helen Sedwick searched for some really creative eBook disclaimers and found a funny one that Michael N. Marcus used in his memoir.

Memoirs are tricky eBooks to write disclaimers for because they're not fiction.

What's an eBook Disclaimer?

They include details and descriptions of real people, which can be hurtful to the people involved -- which can easily turn into a legal hassle for the author if the person involved wants payback.

Here's how Michael N.

Marcus creatively dealt with that challenge: Put a disclaimer like this at the beginning of your own eBook, and readers will instantly know that you've got some serious creativity. If the disclaimer is this riveting, the book has to be even better!

Understanding Ebooks

Memoir authors should also mention the fact that the conversations detailed in their book may not be the identical conversation that was held in real life. Cate Macabe shared a few examples in her blog post, "Writing the Memoir: Disclaimers": Here's a disclaimer that's a little more conversational: Another type of eBook that comes with some disclaimer challenges is fan fiction.

Fan fiction eBooks are new stories about the characters in an existing book, TV show, movie, song, etc. But instead of being written by the original author, these eBooks are written by fans. One of the most popular subjects for fan fiction is Twilight. In fact, there are entire websites that are devoted solely to Twilight fan fiction stories! But how do you put the right disclaimer on these stories? Part of it depends on the author. There are some authors who are happy to let their fans write about the characters, storylines, and settings they've created -- as long as the fan fiction comes with a clear disclaimer that assigns all of the rights to the original author.

Even if your author doesn't give you any specific disclaimer instructions, it's still important to make sure that readers know they're dealing with a fan fiction book, instead of something new from the author herself.

Here's a good example: As a general rule, it's good to include these 5 things in your fan fiction disclaimer: A beginning statement that says whose world and characters you're using A clear statement that you don't own -- or claim to own -- the characters in the story A clear explanation that this story was created in your own imagination, instead of trying to link it to a popular storyline that the original author has already created A clear statement that says you're not making any kind of profit from this fan fiction A final thank you to the original author for creating this world in the first place However, a great disclaimer isn't foolproof.

As fan fiction gets more and more popular, there is more and more debate over whether or not it's a copyright infringement. As of , US legal experts say that fan fiction falls under the fair use exception of copyright law. Here's the Caliber electronic book reader running on a normal computer screen, showing the first page of F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Beautiful and Damned.

The most important part of an ebook reader is the screen. The first ebooks used small versions of LCD laptop screens which have a resolution sharpness of about 35 pixels per cm 90 pixels per inch.

You could easily see the dots making up the letters and it was quite tiring to read for more than a few minutes at a time. The latest ebooks use an entirely different technology called electronic ink.

Instead of using LCD displays, they show words and letters using tiny, black and white plastic granules that move about inside microscopic, spherical capsules under precise electronic control. Displays like this have about twice the resolution of ordinary computer screens, are clearly visible in sunlight, and use much less power. In fact, they're almost as sharp and easy to read as printed paper. We'll see how these screens work in a moment.

The lack of books in electronic format was one of the things that used to put people off using ebook readers—and that's what made site.

site already worked with virtually all the world's publishers as a bookseller, so it was able to make huge numbers of titles available for Kindle in electronic format—over 88, books were available on the launch date. Today, most books are available in ebook format as well as print, and many old, long-out-of-print titles have also been resurrected in ebook form.

Computer screens as we knew them in the late s and early s.

What kind of liability can you face as an eBook author or publisher?

At that time, the best screens could display no more than about 64, pixels and often just uppercase text or very crude "pixelated" square block graphics. Computer games like Space Invaders, shown here, were very primitive—but still highly addictive! Since electronic ink has been crucial to the success of ebooks, let's now take a detailed look at how it works. You're probably reading these words in the same way that I am—by staring at a flat, LCD computer screen.

For people over the age of about 35, who grew up with computers that used blocky green and black screens with just 40 characters across and 25 down, modern screens are wonderful and amazing. But they still have their drawbacks. Look closely, and you can see jagged edges to the letters. Try to read an LCD screen in direct sunlight and unless the screen has a very bright backlight , you'll really struggle.

But the worse thing is that LCD screens lack the lightness, portability, and sheer user-friendliness of ink-printed paper: Magnifying by about 8—10 times and zooming in on a single word, you can see why. The E Ink display makes sharper letters with a uniformly white background. The LCD display blurs its letters with anti-aliasing to make them less jagged, though that makes them harder to read close up.

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The red, blue, and green colored pixels used to make up the LCD's "white" background are also much more noticeable.

The resolution of E Ink is also far greater: Back in the early s, the Xerox Corporation that had pioneered photocopiers a decade earlier became concerned about the threat that computers might pose to its core ink-and-paper business: The basic idea of electronic ink and paper was and remains very simple: Most electronic ink and paper screens use a technology called electrophoresis , which sounds complex but simply means using electricity to move tiny particles in this case ink through a fluid in this case a liquid or gel.

Other uses of electrophoresis include DNA testing, where electricity is used to separate the parts of a DNA sample by making them move across a gel, which enables them to be compared with other samples and identified. Each capsule is filled with a clear fluid and contains two kinds of tiny ink granules: The capsules are suspended between electrodes switched on and off by an electronic circuit, and each one can be controlled individually.

By changing the electric field between the electrodes, it's possible to make the white or black granules move to the top of a capsule the part closest to the reader's eye so it appears like a white or black pixel. By controlling large numbers of pixels in this way, it's possible to display text or pictures.

Electronic ink works through electrophoresis. Each pixel microcapsule in the display the gray circle contains black negatively charged and white positively charged ink granules. When a positive field shown in blue is applied to the top electrode, the black capsules migrate to the top, making the pixel look black when seen from above; switching the field over makes the granules change position so the pixel appears white. If you've tried reading an electronic book, you'll know that electronic ink and paper is much easier to read from for long periods than an LCD computer screen.

Since the microcapsules stay in position indefinitely, with little or no electric current, electronic ink displays have extremely low power consumption. A typical ebook reader with an E Ink display can be used for something like 2—4 weeks of average everyday reading on a single charge—which is much less power than a laptop, tablet, or smartphone.

Low power consumption means low energy use and that translates into an environmental benefit ; in other words, electronic ink and paper is environmentally friendly. What about the energy needed to manufacture your reader in the first place? According to British environmental auditor Nicola Terry , who's done the math, you've only to read 20—70 ebooks to offset that energy; the Cleantech group has estimated that a Kindle makes savings in carbon emissions after just one year's use.

That sounds great, but do bear in mind that emissions from reading and producing books are a trivial part of most people's total emissions the majority of which stem from transport, consumed goods, home heating, and so on. The disadvantages are less obvious until you start using electronic ink in earnest. First, although the displays work excellently in bright indoor light and daylight, including direct sunlight, they have no light of their own unlike LCD displays, which have backlights shining through them from back to front so you can see them.

That makes them hard to use in poor indoor light, especially in the evenings, which is why many early ebook readers were sold with clumsy addon lamps.

Fortunately, firms like site now offer readers with built-in lights like the Kindle Paperwhite in our top photo , so the problem of straining over ebooks in the dark has now largely disappeared.

Night and day, are you the one? Here I've propped a Sony Reader against the screen of a conventional laptop and photographed it in different light conditions. In bright light or daytime outdoors, electronic ink displays are much easier to read than backlit LCD displays, which become virtually invisible. In dark indoor light in the evenings, things are reversed: LCDs are much easier to read and electronic ink displays are a struggle to decipher unless you sit in strong light or use a clip-on light attachment.

Electronic ink also takes much longer to build up the image of a page than an LCD screen, which means it's unsuitable for everyday computer displays using any kind of moving image and completely unsuitable for fast-moving images such as computer games and videos.

Sometimes parts of a previous page linger on as "ghosts" until you've turned another page or two. You've probably noticed that, when you "turn the page" of an electronic book, the entire screen momentarily flashes black before the new page is displayed? Another major disadvantage is that most electronic ink displays are currently black and white. Crude color displays do exist E Ink has produced one called Triton since , in which a layer of red, green, and blue color filters is mounted over the usual black-and-white microcapsules and better ones are in development, but they're much more expensive than their black-and-white electronic paper or LCD equivalents and only display a relatively small number of colors Triton can manage , compared to about 17 million on a decent LCD.

In time, we're bound to have color electronic books and magazines, but don't hold your breath. site's Jeff Bezos, speaking in mid, said that a color Kindle ebook reader was "multiple years" away: Kindle, Sony Reader, Nook, Elonex—which one should you download?

The decision is a little easier than it used to be now Sony has regrettably stopped making ebook readers, though I'd still recommend looking out for cheap secondhand Sonys on auction sites.

They're all broadly similar: Some have touchscreens ; others like the older and cheaper Kindles have miniature keyboards. Some have wireless connections for downloading more books; others such as the Sony Readers have to be connected to a computer with a USB cable. He is a popular speaker and conducts training and workshops in more than twenty different cities each year. He is the clinical director of the National Relapse Prevention Certification School, which trains counselors and therapists in relapse prevention therapy methods.

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See full terms and conditions and this month's choices. Tell us what you like, so we can send you books you'll love. Sign up and get a free eBook! Gorski, m. Trade Paperback. Price may vary by retailer.

About The Book.She is dedicated to writing about trends and tips that help retailers increase sales and serve customers better. Great post! For example, are you going to keep one or two twitter accounts? After downloading the file, downloaders will no longer need to use the internet to view the content. Millions of people have transformed their lives by working the Twelve Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous.

Here's a good example: As a general rule, it's good to include these 5 things in your fan fiction disclaimer: A beginning statement that says whose world and characters you're using A clear statement that you don't own -- or claim to own -- the characters in the story A clear explanation that this story was created in your own imagination, instead of trying to link it to a popular storyline that the original author has already created A clear statement that says you're not making any kind of profit from this fan fiction A final thank you to the original author for creating this world in the first place However, a great disclaimer isn't foolproof.